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Traded and nontraded goods prices, and international risk sharing: an empirical investigation

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  • Giancarlo Corsetti

    (Cambridge University, Rome III and CEPR)

  • Luca Dedola

    (European Central Bank and CEPR)

  • Francesca Viani

    (Banco de España)

Abstract

Accounting for the pervasive evidence of limited international risk sharing is an important hurdle for open-economy models, especially when these are adopted in the analysis of policy trade-offs likely to be affected by imperfections in financial markets. Key to the literature is the evidence, at odds with efficiency, that consumption is relatively high in countries where its international relative price (the real exchange rate) is also high. We reconsider the relation between cross-country consumption differentials and real exchange rates, by decomposing it into two components, reflecting the prices of tradable and nontradable goods, respectively. We document that, as a common pattern among OECD countries, both components tend to contribute to the overall lack of risk sharing, with the tradable price component playing the dominant role in accounting for efficiency deviations. We relate these findings to two mechanisms proposed by the literature to reconcile open economy models with the data. One features strong Balassa-Samuelson effects on nontradable prices due to productivity gains in the tradable sector, with a muted offsetting response of tradable prices. The other, endogenous income effects causing nontradable but especially tradable prices to appreciate with a rise in domestic consumption demand.

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File URL: http://www.bde.es/f/webbde/SES/Secciones/Publicaciones/PublicacionesSeriadas/DocumentosTrabajo/12/Fich/dt1242e.pdf
File Function: First version, December 2012
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Banco de Espa�a in its series Banco de Espa�a Working Papers with number 1242.

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Length: 68 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:bde:wpaper:1242

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Keywords: incomplete markets; Harrod-Balassa-Samuelson effect; consumption-real exchange rate anomaly; terms of trade; international transmission mechanism.;

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Cited by:
  1. Corsetti, Giancarlo & Dedola, Luca & Viani, Francesca, 2011. "The International Risk-Sharing Puzzle is at Business Cycle and Lower Frequency," CEPR Discussion Papers 8355, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. A. Craig Burnside & Jeremy J. Graveline, 2012. "Exchange Rate Determination, Risk Sharing and the Asset Market View," NBER Working Papers 18646, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Kyriacos Lambrias, 2013. "News Shocks, Real Exchange Rates and International Co-Movements," BCL working papers 83, Central Bank of Luxembourg.

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