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Real Return Bonds, Inflation Expectations, and the Break-Even Inflation Rate

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Author Info

  • Christensen, Ian
  • Frédéric Dion
  • Christopher Reid

Abstract

According to the Fisher hypothesis, the gap between Canadian nominal and Real Return Bond yields (or break-even inflation rate) should be a good measure of inflation expectations. The authors find that this measure was higher, on average, and more variable than survey measures of inflation expectations between 1992 and 2003. They examine whether risk premiums and distortions embedded in this interest rate gap can account for these facts. Their results indicate that distortions were likely an important reason for the high level and variation of this measure over much of the 1990s. There is little evidence that the distortions examined were as important between 2000 and 2003, but the high level of the break-even inflation rate in 2004 may be evidence of their return. Given the potential distortions, and the difficulty in identifying them, the authors conclude that it is premature to consider this measure a reliable gauge of monetary policy credibility. In addition, it is not as useful as competing tools for short- and medium-term inflation forecasting.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Bank of Canada in its series Working Papers with number 04-43.

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Length: 47 pages
Date of creation: 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:bca:bocawp:04-43

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Keywords: Interest rates; Inflation and prices; Market structure and pricing;

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References

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  15. Christopher Reid & Frédéric Dion & Ian Christensen, 2004. "Real Return Bonds: Monetary Policy Credibility and Short-Term Inflation Forecasting," Bank of Canada Review, Bank of Canada, vol. 2004(Autumn), pages 15-26.
  16. Frédérick Demers, 2003. "The Canadian Phillips Curve and Regime Shifting," Working Papers 03-32, Bank of Canada.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Juan Angel Garcia & Adrian van Rixtel, 2007. "Inflation-linked bonds from a central bank perspective," Banco de Espa�a Occasional Papers 0705, Banco de Espa�a.
  2. Flávio de Freitas Val & Claudio Henrique da Silveira Barbedo & Marcelo Verdini Maia, 2011. "Inflation expectation and implicit inflation: does market research provide accurate measures?," Brazilian Business Review, Fucape Business School, vol. 8(3), pages 83-100, July.
  3. Cette, G. & De Jong, M., 2009. "The Rocky Ride of Break-even-inflation rates," Working papers 230, Banque de France.
  4. David J. Bolder & Grahame Johnson & Adam Metzler, 2004. "An Empirical Analysis of the Canadian Term Structure of Zero-Coupon Interest Rates," Working Papers 04-48, Bank of Canada.
  5. Duran, Murat & Gülşen, Eda, 2013. "Estimating inflation compensation for Turkey using yield curves," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 592-601.
  6. Sharon Kozicki & P.A. Tinsley, 2006. "Survey-Based Estimates of the Term Structure of Expected U.S. Inflation," Working Papers 06-46, Bank of Canada.
  7. Azoulay, Eddy & Brenner, Menachem & Landskroner, Yoram & Stein, Roy, 2014. "Inflation risk premium implied by options," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 71(C), pages 90-102.

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