Restructuring in the Canadian Economy: A Survey of Firms
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Bank of Canada in its series Working Papers with number 02-8.
Length: 47 pages Abstract: The regional offices of the Bank conducted a survey of 140 Canadian companies (representing all non-government sectors of the economy) to study the effects of restructuring (defined as a major change in the way firms do business). Results of the survey confirmed the perception that the extent of firm-level restructuring was greater in the 1990s than in the 1980s. The most common type of restructuring was the adoption of new technology. This investment was typically driven more by the availability of the technology than by its affordability . Intense competitive pressure was another important motivation. Other forms of restructuring included the move to "bigger business" through larger-format retail outlets, mergers, or consolidation. For the firms surveyed, restructuring reduced employment more often in the 1990s than in the 1980s. The most common reason for a decrease in employment was that competition squeezed profit margins and made it necessary to reduce the cost of labour. Restructuring also had other effects on the labour force: a shift in the skill mix in favour of more highly skilled workers and increasing use of contract workers to maintain flexibility. Companies were optimistic, however, regarding their future performance.
Date of creation: 2002
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Labour markets; Regional economic developments; Productivity;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- O51 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - U.S.; Canada
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2002-07-04 (All new papers)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Baldwin, John R. Diverty, Brent, 1995. "Advanced Technology Use in Canadian Manufacturing Establishments," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 1995085e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
- Paul Fenton & Irene Ip & Geoff Wright, 2001. "Employment Effects of Restructuring in the Public Sector in North America," Working Papers 01-19, Bank of Canada.
- Baldwin, John R. Sabourin, David, 1999. "Technology Adoption: A Comparison Between Canada and the United States," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 1998119e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
- David Amirault & Louis-Robert Lafleur, 2000. "Recent Performance of the Canadian Economy: A Regional View," Bank of Canada Review, Bank of Canada, vol. 2000(Autumn), pages 13-23.
- Tiff Macklem & Francisco Barillas, 2005. "Recent Developments in the Canada-US Unemployment Rate Gap: Changing Patterns in Unemployment Incidence and Duration," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 31(1), pages 101-108, March.
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