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On Inflation and the Persistence of Shocks to Output

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  • Richard Luger
  • Maral Kichian

Abstract

This paper empirically investigates the possibility that the effects of shocks to output depend on the level of inflation. The analysis extends Elwood’s (1998) framework by incorporating in the model an inflation-threshold process that can potentially influence the stochastic properties of output. The value of this threshold parameter, if it exists, is considered to be unknown and is estimated in the model. The results indicate that shocks to output indeed have asymmetric effects, depending on the level of inflation: negative shocks are more detrimental when inflation is high, and positive shocks are more persistent when inflation is low.

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File URL: http://www.bankofcanada.ca/wp-content/uploads/2010/02/wp01-22.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Bank of Canada in its series Working Papers with number 01-22.

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Length: 29 pages
Date of creation: 2001
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:bca:bocawp:01-22

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Keywords: Econometric and statistical methods; Inflation: costs and benefits;

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  1. Campbell, John & Mankiw, Gregory, 1987. "Are Output Fluctuations Transitory?," Scholarly Articles 3122545, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  2. Donald W.K. Andrews, 1990. "Tests for Parameter Instability and Structural Change with Unknown Change Point," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 943, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
  3. Hansen, Bruce E, 1996. "Inference When a Nuisance Parameter Is Not Identified under the Null Hypothesis," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 64(2), pages 413-30, March.
  4. Potter, Simon M, 1995. "A Nonlinear Approach to US GNP," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 10(2), pages 109-25, April-Jun.
  5. Clark, Peter K, 1987. "The Cyclical Component of U.S. Economic Activity," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 102(4), pages 797-814, November.
  6. Elwood, S. Kirk, 1998. "Is the persistence of shocks to output asymmetric?," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(2), pages 411-426, April.
  7. Beaudry, Paul & Koop, Gary, 1993. "Do recessions permanently change output?," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 31(2), pages 149-163, April.
  8. John B. Taylor, 1998. "Monetary policy and the long boom," Review, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, issue Nov, pages 3-12.
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