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Non-parametric Models for Univariate Claim Severity Distributions - an approach using R

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Author Info

  • Catalina Bolance

    ()
    (Department of Econometrics, Riskcenter-IREA, Universitat de Barcelona)

  • Montserrat Guillen

    ()
    (Department of Econometrics, Riskcenter-IREA, Universitat de Barcelona)

  • David Pitt

    ()
    (Department of Applied Finance and Actuarial Studies, Macquarie University)

Abstract

This paper presents an analysis of motor vehicle insurance claims relating to vehicle damage and to associated medical expenses. We use univariate severity distributions esti- mated with non-parametric methods. The methods are implemented using the statistical package R. The nonparametric analysis presented involves kernel density estimation. We illustrate the benefits of applying transformations to data prior to employing kernel based methods. We use a log-transformation and an optimal transformation amongst a class of transformations that produces symmetry in the data. The central aim of this paper is to provide educators with material that can be used in the classroom to teach statistical estimation methods, goodness of fit analysis and importantly statistical computing in the context of insurance and risk management. To this end, we have included in the Appendix of this paper all the R code that has been used in the analysis so that readers, both students and educators, can fully explore the techniques described.

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File URL: http://www.ub.edu/riskcenter/research/WP/UBriskcenterWP201401.pdf
File Function: First version, 2014
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Universitat de Barcelona, UB Riskcenter in its series Working Papers with number 2014-01.

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Length: 34 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2014
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:bak:wpaper:201401

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Related research

Keywords: Loss modeling; insurance; finance;

This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

References

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  1. Bolance, Catalina & Guillen, Montserrat & Nielsen, Jens Perch, 2003. "Kernel density estimation of actuarial loss functions," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(1), pages 19-36, February.
  2. Valdez, Emiliano A. & Chernih, Andrew, 2003. "Wang's capital allocation formula for elliptically contoured distributions," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(3), pages 517-532, December.
  3. Hall, Peter & Marron, J. S., 1987. "Estimation of integrated squared density derivatives," Statistics & Probability Letters, Elsevier, vol. 6(2), pages 109-115, November.
  4. Wu, Tiee-Jian & Chen, Ching-Fu & Chen, Huang-Yu, 2007. "A variable bandwidth selector in multivariate kernel density estimation," Statistics & Probability Letters, Elsevier, vol. 77(4), pages 462-467, February.
  5. Vernic, Raluca, 2006. "Multivariate skew-normal distributions with applications in insurance," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 38(2), pages 413-426, April.
  6. Clements A. & Hurn S. & Lindsay K., 2003. "Mobius-Like Mappings and Their Use in Kernel Density Estimation," Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 98, pages 993-1000, January.
  7. Bolance, Catalina & Guillen, Montserrat & Pelican, Elena & Vernic, Raluca, 2008. "Skewed bivariate models and nonparametric estimation for the CTE risk measure," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(3), pages 386-393, December.
  8. Qing Liu & David Pitt & Xibin Zhang & Xueyuan Wu, 2010. "A Bayesian approach to parameter estimation for kernel density estimation via transformations," Monash Econometrics and Business Statistics Working Papers 18/10, Monash University, Department of Econometrics and Business Statistics.
  9. Zhang, Xibin & King, Maxwell L. & Hyndman, Rob J., 2006. "A Bayesian approach to bandwidth selection for multivariate kernel density estimation," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 50(11), pages 3009-3031, July.
  10. Bolancé, Catalina & Guillén, Montserrat & Nielsen, Jens Perch, 2008. "Inverse beta transformation in kernel density estimation," Statistics & Probability Letters, Elsevier, vol. 78(13), pages 1757-1764, September.
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