How should Individuals be Taxed? Combining "Simplified", Income, and Payroll Taxes in Ukraine
AbstractIndividuals in most all countries face a wide range of direct taxes on their income, especially variants of the individual income tax and payroll taxes. For the income tax, attempts are often made to reduce the compliance and administrative costs of the tax by using “presumptive” or “simplified” methods, in which the tax liability is determined indirectly from some simple indicators that are more easily measured than the “true” tax base itself. However, when a “simplified” income tax is combined with other direct taxes on individuals, the ways in which these taxes interact, their combined effects on revenues, resource allocation, and income distribution, and the appropriate design of the overall system of these taxes remain unresolved – and unexplored – issues. This paper examines these issues, focusing on the experience of Ukraine . A simple computable general equilibrium model is used to quantify many of the effects of the “system” of simplified, income, and payroll taxes.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by International Center for Public Policy, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University in its series International Center for Public Policy Working Paper Series, at AYSPS, GSU with number paper0711.
Length: 35 pages
Date of creation: 01 Jun 2007
Date of revision:
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Web page: http://aysps.gsu.edu/isp/index.html
Income Tax; payroll Tax; Ukraine; individual tax; presumptive method;
Other versions of this item:
- James Alm & Pablo Saavedra & Edward Sennoga, 2007. "How Should Individuals Be Taxed?. Combining "Simplified", Income, and Payroll Taxes in Ukraine," FinanzArchiv: Public Finance Analysis, Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, vol. 63(3), pages 350-373, September.
- H22 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Incidence
- H24 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Personal Income and Other Nonbusiness Taxes and Subsidies
- H26 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Tax Evasion
- H30 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - General
- H55 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Social Security and Public Pensions
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2008-01-05 (All new papers)
- NEP-CMP-2008-01-05 (Computational Economics)
- NEP-PBE-2008-01-05 (Public Economics)
- NEP-PUB-2008-01-05 (Public Finance)
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