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Multiple Priors as Similarity Weighted Frequencies

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  • Jürgen Eichberger

    ()
    (University of Heidelberg, Department of Economics)

  • Ani Guerdjikova

    ()
    (Cornell University, Department of Economics)

Abstract

In this paper, we consider a decision-maker who tries to learn the distribution of outcomes from previously observed cases. For each observed sequence of cases the decision-maker predicts a set of priors expressing his beliefs about the underlying probability distribution. We impose a version of the concatenation axiom introduced in BILLOT, GILBOA, SAMET AND SCHMEIDLER (2005) which insures that the sets of priors can be represented as a weighted sum of the observed frequencies of cases. The weights are the uniquely determined similarities between the observed cases and the case under investigation.

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File URL: http://www.uni-heidelberg.de/md/awi/forschung/dp470.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Heidelberg, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 0470.

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Length: 39 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2008
Date of revision: Jul 2008
Handle: RePEc:awi:wpaper:0470

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  1. Gajdos, T. & Hayashi, T. & Tallon, J.-M. & Vergnaud, J.-C., 2008. "Attitude toward imprecise information," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 140(1), pages 27-65, May.
  2. Ghirardato, Paolo & Maccheroni, Fabio & Marinacci, Massimo, 2004. "Differentiating ambiguity and ambiguity attitude," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 118(2), pages 133-173, October.
  3. Sujoy Mukerji & Peter Klibanoff, 2002. "A Smooth Model of Decision,Making Under Ambiguity," Economics Series Working Papers 113, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
  4. David Schmeidler, 2000. "Utility in Case-Based Decision Theory," Working Papers 00-06, Ohio State University, Department of Economics.
  5. Larry G. Epstein & Martin Schneider, 2007. "Learning Under Ambiguity," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 74(4), pages 1275-1303.
  6. Itzhak Gilboa & Offer Lieberman & David Schmeidler, 2004. "Empirical Similarity," Levine's Bibliography 122247000000000684, UCLA Department of Economics.
  7. Antoine Billot & Itzhak Gilboa & Dov Samet & David Schmeidler, 2005. "Probabilities as Similarity-Weighted Frequencies," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 73(4), pages 1125-1136, 07.
  8. Chateauneuf, Alain & Eichberger, Jürgen & Grant, Simon, 2003. "Choice under Uncertainty with the Best and Worst in Mind: Neo-additive Capacities," Sonderforschungsbereich 504 Publications 03-10, Sonderforschungsbereich 504, Universität Mannheim & Sonderforschungsbereich 504, University of Mannheim.
  9. Klaus Nehring & Clemens Puppe, 2002. "A Theory of Diversity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 70(3), pages 1155-1198, May.
  10. Guerdjikova, Ani, 2008. "Case-based learning with different similarity functions," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 63(1), pages 107-132, May.
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