Living Standards In South Africa's Former Homelands
AbstractI exploit the sudden increase in employment in 1975, 1976 and 1977 in some former homelands by comparing the long term adult physical outcomes of children benefitting from the employment increase to those not subject to it. Using a standard difference in difference approach I find that there was some malnutrition in the homelands resulting in stunting in African men born during the shock providing support to the foetal origins hypothesis. The employment shock did not affect other long term outcomes such as education and general health, although there is some evidence of an improvement in long term health. This study provides previously unmeasured individual level information on the quality of life in the homelands during apartheid, an era when African living standards were neglected but unmeasured because of a lack of data collection
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Centre for Economic History, Research School of Economics, Australian National University in its series CEH Discussion Papers with number 003.
Date of creation: Mar 2012
Date of revision:
Apartheid; living standards; stunting; difference-in-difference; foetal origins hypothesis;
Other versions of this item:
- Martine Mariotti, 2012. "Living Standards In South Africa’s Former Homelands," ANU Working Papers in Economics and Econometrics 2012-570, Australian National University, College of Business and Economics, School of Economics.
- I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare and Poverty - - - General Welfare
- N37 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy - - - Africa; Oceania
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-AFR-2012-04-03 (Africa)
- NEP-ALL-2012-04-03 (All new papers)
- NEP-LAB-2012-04-03 (Labour Economics)
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