Once poor, always poor? Do initial conditions matter? Evidence from the ECHP
AbstractThe paper analyzes the effects of individual and household characteristics on current poverty status, while controlling for initial conditions, past poverty status and unobserved heterogeneity in 14 European Countries for the period 1994-2000, using the European Community Household Panel. The distinction between true state dependence and individual heterogeneity has very important policy implications, since if the former is the main cause of poverty it is of paramount importance to break the ÃƒÂ¢Ã¯Â¿Â½Ã¯Â¿Â½vicious circleÃƒÂ¢Ã¯Â¿Â½Ã¯Â¿Â½ of poverty using income-supporting social policies, whereas if it is the latter anti-poverty policies should focus primarily on education, training, development of personal skills and other labour market oriented policies. The empirical results are similar in qualitative but rather different in quantitative terms across EU countries. State dependence remains significant in all specifications, even after controlling for unobserved heterogeneity or when removing possible endogeneity bias.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Athens University of Economics and Business in its series DEOS Working Papers with number 1127.
Length: 25 pages
Date of creation: 25 Sep 2011
Date of revision:
Poverty dynamics; State dependence; EU; ECHP;
Other versions of this item:
- Andriopoulou, Eirini & Tsakloglou, Panos, 2011. "Once Poor, Always Poor? Do Initial Conditions Matter? Evidence from the ECHP," IZA Discussion Papers 5971, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
- I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2011-10-01 (All new papers)
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- Magda, Iga & Bukowski, Maciej & Buchholz, Sonia & Lewandowski, Piotr & Chrostek, Paweł & Kamińska, Agnieszka & Lis, Maciej & Potoczna, Monika & Myck, Michał & Kundera, Michał & Oczkowska, Monika, 2013. "Employment in Poland 2011 - Poverty and jobs," MPRA Paper 50185, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- REINSTADLER Anne & RAY Jean-Claude, 2010. "Macro Determinants of Individual Income Poverty in 93 Regions of Europe," CEPS/INSTEAD Working Paper Series 2010-13, CEPS/INSTEAD.
- Carlos Gradín & Olga Cantó, 2009. "Why are child poverty rates so persistently high in Spain?," Working Papers 123, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.
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