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La competitividad de las exportaciones de vino español y el mercado mundial 1960-2011

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Author Info

  • Francisco J. Medina-Albaladejo

    (Unitat d'Història Econòmica, Departament d'Economia i d'Història Econòmica, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona)

  • José M. Martínez-Carrión

    (Departamento de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Murcia)

Abstract

Este trabajo analiza la evolución y competitividad de las exportaciones españolas de vino en el mercado mundial desde la década de 1960. Con ello explora las respuestas de la industria vinícola durante la globalización del vino. Analiza el comportamiento evolutivo del sector por tipos de vinos y el peso relativo de las exportaciones en volumen, valor y precios unitarios en el mercado mundial. El estudio de la ventaja comparativa del comercio exterior se realiza a través del índice de Ventaja Competitiva Revelada (VCR) o Índice de Balassa. Demuestra que pese al fabuloso crecimiento de las exportaciones entre 1960 y 2011 la industria española sigue especializada en vinos de bajo coste y en exportaciones a granel. Aunque mejoró la calidad y crecieron las exportaciones de vinos embotellados con denominación de origen, la competitividad del sector muestra serias debilidades que la sitúan entre las más bajas de los países especializados.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Departament d'Economia i Història Econòmica, Unitat d'Història Econòmica in its series UHE Working papers with number 2012_03.

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Length: 23 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:aub:uhewps:2012_03

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Keywords: Ventaja Competitiva Revelada (VCR); exportaciones de vino; industria vinícola; España; la globalización del vino; comercio exterior; especialización;

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