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Tick Size Reduction and Price Clustering in a FX Order Book

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  • Mehdi Lallouache
  • Fr\'ed\'eric Abergel
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    Abstract

    We investigate the statistical properties of the EBS order book for the EUR/USD and USD/JPY currency pairs and the impact of a ten-fold tick size reduction on its dynamics. A large fraction of limit orders are still placed right at or halfway between the old allowed prices. This generates price barriers where the best quotes lie for much of the time, which causes the emergence of distinct peaks in the average shape of the book at round distances. Furthermore, we argue that this clustering is mainly due to manual traders who remained set to the old price resolution. Automatic traders easily take price priority by submitting limit orders one tick ahead of clusters, as shown by the prominence of buy (sell) limit orders posted with rightmost digit one (nine).

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    File URL: http://arxiv.org/pdf/1307.5440
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    Paper provided by arXiv.org in its series Papers with number 1307.5440.

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    Date of creation: Jul 2013
    Date of revision: May 2014
    Handle: RePEc:arx:papers:1307.5440

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    1. Anirban Chakraborti & Ioane Muni Toke & Marco Patriarca & Frederic Abergel, 2011. "Econophysics review: I. Empirical facts," Quantitative Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 11(7), pages 991-1012.
    2. Jean-Philippe Bouchaud & Marc Mezard & Marc Potters, 2002. "Statistical properties of stock order books: empirical results and models," Quantitative Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 2(4), pages 251-256.
    3. Michael R. King & Carol Osler & Dagfinn Rime, 2011. "Foreign exchange market structure, players and evolution," Working Paper 2011/10, Norges Bank.
    4. Benoit Mandelbrot, 1963. "The Variation of Certain Speculative Prices," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 36, pages 394.
    5. Large, Jeremy, 2007. "Measuring the resiliency of an electronic limit order book," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 10(1), pages 1-25, February.
    6. Riccardo Curcio & Charles Goodhart, 1991. "The Clustering of Bid/Ask Prices and the Spread in the Foreign Exchange Market," FMG Discussion Papers dp110, Financial Markets Group.
    7. Jean-Philippe Bouchaud & Marc Mezard & Marc Potters, 2002. "Statistical properties of stock order books: empirical results and models," Science & Finance (CFM) working paper archive 0203511, Science & Finance, Capital Fund Management.
    8. Onnela, Jukka-Pekka & Töyli, Juuso & Kaski, Kimmo, 2009. "Tick size and stock returns," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 388(4), pages 441-454.
    9. Nicolas Huth & Frédéric Abergel, 2012. "The times change: multivariate subordination. Empirical facts," Quantitative Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(1), pages 1-10, March.
    10. Nicolas Huth & Frédéric Abergel, 2012. "The times change: multivariate subordination, empirical facts," Post-Print hal-00620841, HAL.
    11. Sopranzetti, Ben J. & Datar, Vinay, 2002. "Price clustering in foreign exchange spot markets," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 5(4), pages 411-417, October.
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