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Food for fuel: The price of ethanol

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  • Dominic K. Albino
  • Karla Z. Bertrand
  • Yaneer Bar-Yam
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    Abstract

    Conversion of corn to ethanol in the US since 2005 has been a major cause of global food price increases during that time and has been shown to be ineffective in achieving US energy independence and reducing environmental impact. We make three key statements to enhance understanding and communication about ethanol production's impact on the food and fuel markets: (1) The amount of corn used to produce the ethanol in a gallon of regular gas would feed a person for a day, (2) The production of ethanol is so energy intensive that it uses only 20% less fossil fuel than gasoline, and (3) The cost of gas made with ethanol is actually higher per mile because ethanol reduces gasoline's energy per gallon.

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    File URL: http://arxiv.org/pdf/1210.6080
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by arXiv.org in its series Papers with number 1210.6080.

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    Date of creation: Oct 2012
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    Handle: RePEc:arx:papers:1210.6080

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    Web page: http://arxiv.org/

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