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Equivalence of interest rate models and lattice gases

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  • Dan Pirjol
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    Abstract

    We consider the class of short rate interest rate models for which the short rate is proportional to the exponential of a Gaussian Markov process x(t) in the terminal measure r(t) = a(t) exp(x(t)). These models include the Black, Derman, Toy and Black, Karasinski models in the terminal measure. We show that such interest rate models are equivalent with lattice gases with attractive two-body interaction V(t1,t2)= -Cov(x(t1),x(t2)). We consider in some detail the Black, Karasinski model with x(t) an Ornstein, Uhlenbeck process, and show that it is similar with a lattice gas model considered by Kac and Helfand, with attractive long-range two-body interactions V(x,y) = -\alpha (e^{-\gamma |x - y|} - e^{-\gamma (x + y)}). An explicit solution for the model is given as a sum over the states of the lattice gas, which is used to show that the model has a phase transition similar to that found previously in the Black, Derman, Toy model in the terminal measure.

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    File URL: http://arxiv.org/pdf/1204.0915
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    Paper provided by arXiv.org in its series Papers with number 1204.0915.

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    Date of creation: Apr 2012
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    Handle: RePEc:arx:papers:1204.0915

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