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Time-Bridge Estimators of Integrated Variance

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  • A. Saichev
  • D. Sornette
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    Abstract

    We present a set of log-price integrated variance estimators, equal to the sum of open-high-low-close bridge estimators of spot variances within $n$ subsequent time-step intervals. The main characteristics of some of the introduced estimators is to take into account the information on the occurrence times of the high and low values. The use of the high's and low's of the bridge associated with the original process makes the estimators significantly more efficient that the standard realized variance estimators and its generalizations. Adding the information on the occurrence times of the high and low values improves further the efficiency of the estimators, much above those of the well-known realized variance estimator and those derived from the sum of Garman and Klass spot variance estimators. The exact analytical results are derived for the case where the underlying log-price process is an It\^o stochastic process. Our results suggests more efficient ways to record financial prices at intermediate frequencies.

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    File URL: http://arxiv.org/pdf/1108.2611
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by arXiv.org in its series Papers with number 1108.2611.

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    Date of creation: Aug 2011
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    Handle: RePEc:arx:papers:1108.2611

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    Web page: http://arxiv.org/

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    1. Torben G. Andersen & Tim Bollerslev & Francis X. Diebold & Paul Labys, 2001. "Modeling and Forecasting Realized Volatility," NBER Working Papers 8160, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Garman, Mark B & Klass, Michael J, 1980. "On the Estimation of Security Price Volatilities from Historical Data," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 53(1), pages 67-78, January.
    3. Yacine Ait-Sahalia & Per A. Mykland, 2003. "How Often to Sample a Continuous-Time Process in the Presence of Market Microstructure Noise," NBER Working Papers 9611, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Lan Zhang & Per A. Mykland & Yacine Ait-Sahalia, 2003. "A Tale of Two Time Scales: Determining Integrated Volatility with Noisy High Frequency Data," NBER Working Papers 10111, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Parkinson, Michael, 1980. "The Extreme Value Method for Estimating the Variance of the Rate of Return," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 53(1), pages 61-65, January.
    6. Jain, Satish (ed.), 2010. "Law and Economics," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198067733, Octomber.
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