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Determinantes de la duración del desempleo en una economía con alta informalidad

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  • Nikita Céspedes

    (Banco Central de Reserva del Perú)

  • Ana Paola Gutiérrez

    (Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú)

  • Vanessa Belapatiño

    (Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú)

Abstract

Se estudia la duración del desempleo en una economía con alta informalidad, alto autoempleo e inactividad laboral. La duración promedio del desempleo en una economía con estas características (Perú) es aproximadamente tres meses, valor inferior a lo estimado para economías desarrolladas. La tendencia decreciente de este indicador es consistente con el episodio de crecimiento económico. La informalidad laboral, el autoempleo y la inactividad son los principales elementos detrás de la reducida duración del desempleo. La duración también es consistente con la existencia de una relación positiva de la tasa de riesgo de dejar el desempleo y la duración del desempleo para desempleados recientes. Finalmente, se muestra que la duración del desempleo no guarda relación con los cambios en la política de seguro de desempleo.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Peruvian Economic Association in its series Working Papers with number 2014-2.

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Date of creation: Jan 2014
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Handle: RePEc:apc:wpaper:2014-002

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Web page: http://perueconomics.org/
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Keywords: Duración del desempleo; tasa de riesgo; desempleo; informalidad; duración; empleo; seguro de desempleo;

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