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Transport tax reform, commuting and endogenous values of time

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  • DE BORGER, Bruno
  • VAN DENDER, Kurt

Abstract

We consider a model of urban transport with two trip purposes, commuting (assumed perfectly complementary to labour supply) and non-commuting, to analyse the effects of transport tax reform on the value of time and marginal external congestion costs. Higher commuting taxes plausibly reduce time values, but higher non-commuting transport prices will typically raise the value of time. The intuition for this latter finding is that the reduction in congestion that follows from the tax increase itself raises net wages per hour of work (inclusive of commuting time). Empirical illustrations with Belgian data show a potentially large effect of transport tax reform on time values. In quite a few of the tax reforms studied traffic levels are reduced, but the increase in time values implies that marginal external congestion costs actually increase.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Antwerp, Faculty of Applied Economics in its series Working Papers with number 2003004.

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Length: 33 pages
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Handle: RePEc:ant:wpaper:2003004

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Postal: Prinsstraat 13, B-2000 Antwerpen
Web page: https://www.uantwerp.be/en/faculties/applied-economic-sciences/
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Keywords: Transport; Congestion; Value of time;

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Cited by:
  1. Eva Gutierrez-i-Puigarnau & Jos van Ommeren, 2009. "Labour Supply and Commuting: Implications for Optimal Road Taxes," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers, Tinbergen Institute 09-008/3, Tinbergen Institute.
  2. Hirte, Georg & Tscharaktschiew, Stefan, 2013. "The optimal subsidy on electric vehicles in German metropolitan areas: A spatial general equilibrium analysis," Energy Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 515-528.
  3. Bert Saveyn, 2006. "Are NIMBY'S commuters?," Center for Economic Studies - Discussion papers, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Centrum voor Economische Studiën ces0604, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Centrum voor Economische Studiën.
  4. Charlotte Berg, 2007. "Household Transport Demand in a CGE-framework," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 37(3), pages 573-597, July.
  5. Tscharaktschiew, Stefan & Hirte, Georg, 2011. "Should subsidies to urban passenger transport be increased? A spatial CGE analysis for a German metropolitan area," Dresden Discussion Paper Series in Economics, Dresden University of Technology, Faculty of Business and Economics, Department of Economics 01/11, Dresden University of Technology, Faculty of Business and Economics, Department of Economics.
  6. Eva Gutierrez-i-Puigarnau & Jos van Ommeren, 2009. "Labour Supply and Commuting: Implications for Optimal Road Taxes," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers, Tinbergen Institute 09-008/3, Tinbergen Institute.
  7. Gutiérrez-i-Puigarnau, Eva & van Ommeren, Jos, 2010. "Labour Supply and Commuting," IZA Discussion Papers 4798, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  8. DE BORGER, Bruno & WUYTS, Bart, 2007. "Commuting, transport tax reform and the labour market: Employer-paid parking and the relative efficiency of revenue recycling instruments," Working Papers 2007020, University of Antwerp, Faculty of Applied Economics.
  9. Nitzsche, Eric & Tscharaktschiew, Stefan, 2013. "Efficiency of speed limits in cities: A spatial computable general equilibrium assessment," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 23-48.
  10. Hirte, Georg & Tscharaktschiew, Stefan, 2013. "Income tax deduction of commuting expenses in an urban CGE study: The case of German cities," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 11-27.
  11. DE BORGER, Bruno & WUYTS, Bart, 2010. "The structure of the labour market, telecommuting, and optimal peak period congestion tolls: A numerical optimisation model," Working Papers 2010013, University of Antwerp, Faculty of Applied Economics.
  12. Saveyn Bert, 2006. "Does Commuting Change the ranking of environmental instruments?," Energy, Transport and Environment Working Papers Series, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Centrum voor Economische Studiën, Energy, Transport and Environment ete0603, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Centrum voor Economische Studiën, Energy, Transport and Environment.
  13. Knud Jørgen Munk, 2005. "Assessment of the introduction of road pricing using a Computable General Equilibrium model," Economics Working Papers, School of Economics and Management, University of Aarhus 2005-23, School of Economics and Management, University of Aarhus.

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