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Reciprocita' e stato sociale: una spiegazione delle differenze tra Stati Uniti ed Europa

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  • Enzo VALENTINI

    ([n.a.])

Abstract

Gran parte dei modelli attraverso cui la teoria tenta di descrivere la realta' dei sistemi economico-sociali Š costruita sull'ipotesi che gli agenti siano interessati esclusivamente al proprio benessere materiale. Una quantita' notevole di risultati ottenuti nell'ambito dell'economia sperimentale ha evidenziato che il comportamento degli agenti economici Š meglio interpretabile se, al di la' delle normali motivazioni egoistiche, si prendono in considerazione anche aspetti puramente altruistici e, soprattutto, motivazioni legate al concetto di reciprocita': oltre al proprio benessere materiale gli individui sarebbero orientati a ricambiare l'atteggiamento ostile o benevolo della controparte. Per cercare una ulteriore conferma di questi aspetti con metodi che non siano quelli dell'economia sperimentale, il lavoro propone un'analisi empirica sui dati dell'European Values Study volta a verificare la rilevanza del concetto di reciprocita' nello spiegare le preferenze dei cittadini verso ridistribuzione e stato sociale, oltre a mettere in relazione questo aspetto motivazionale con le differenze esistenti tra il welfare state statunitense e quelli dei paesi europei.

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File URL: http://docs.dises.univpm.it/web/quaderni/pdf/196.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali in its series Working Papers with number 196.

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Length: 39
Date of creation: Nov 2003
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:anc:wpaper:196

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Keywords: economia sperimentale; equit…; reciprocit…; ridistribuzione;

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Cited by:
  1. Marcello MESSORI & Alberto ZAZZARO, 2004. "Monetary profits within the circuit: Ponzi finance oer "mors tua, vita mea"?," Working Papers 200, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
  2. Renato BALDUCCI, 2005. "Public Expenditure and Economic Growth. A critical extension of Barro's (1990) model," Working Papers 240, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
  3. Elvio MATTIOLI, 2003. "The measurement of coherence in the evaluation of criteria and its effects or ranking problems illustrated using a multicriteria decision method," Working Papers 199, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
  4. Roberto ESPOSTI & Pierpaolo PIERANI, 2005. "Price, Private Demand and Optimal Provision of Public R&D in Italian Agriculture," Working Papers 238, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
  5. Stefania BUSSOLETTI & Roberto ESPOSTI, 2004. "Regional Convergence, Structural Funds and the Role of Agricolture in the EU. A Panel-Data Approach," Working Papers 220, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.

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