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Does credit crunch investments down? New evidence on the real effects of the bank-lending channel

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Author Info

  • Federico Cingano

    (OECD/ELS, Paris, Bank of Italy)

  • Francesco Manaresi

    (Bank of Italy)

  • Enrico Sette

    ()
    (Bank of Italy)

Abstract

This paper shows evidence on the real effects of the bank lending channel exploiting the dramatic 2007 liquidity drought in interbank markets as a source of variation in banks' credit supply. For a large sample of Italian firms we combine information on firm-bank credit relationships, firms and banks balance sheet data, and estimate both the direct effect of the liquidity drought on the investment rate and the sensitivity to bank credit of investment (as well as of other firms outcomes) in 2007-10. We find that: (i) pre-crisis exposure to the interbank markets does predict banks subsequent credit supply (ii) banks exposure also has a significant direct impact on firms investment rate, accounting for more than 40% of the negative trend in investment observed in the sample; (iii) firms' investments are highly sensitive to bank credit: a 10 percentage point fall in credit growth reduces the investment rate by 8-14 points over four years, depending on the definition of the credit variable; (iv) credit shocks have a significant impact on broader economic activity, lowering firms' value added, employment and intermediate inputs purchases; we also find evidence of its propagation through a contraction in the supply of trade credit by firms.

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File URL: http://docs.dises.univpm.it/web/quaderni/pdfmofir/Mofir091.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Money and Finance Research group (Mo.Fi.R.) - Univ. Politecnica Marche - Dept. Economic and Social Sciences in its series Mo.Fi.R. Working Papers with number 91.

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Length: 45
Date of creation: Dec 2013
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:anc:wmofir:91

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Keywords: Bank Lending Channel; Corporate investments; Corporate liquidit; Financial crisis;

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