Food Security, Gender and Occupational Choice among Urban Low-Income Households
AbstractRising urban poverty and food insecurity are serious concerns in developing countries today. Urban livelihoods and coping strategies remain poorly understood however. This paper examines the response of female and male household members in marginalized urban (predominantly squatter) areas to the risk of food shortage in terms of occupational choice. More specifically, we use probit analyses to investigate whether household vulnerability or the need to provide self-insurance for food security, alongside gender roles, influence a worker’s choice of enterprise activity. We focus our investigation on self-employed women and men using a data set drawn from the 1496 individual sample in 14 urban squatter communities in Bolivia, Ecuador, Philippines and Thailand. Our findings show that selfemployed women in households facing higher risk of food insecurity are likely to engage in food-related enterprise activities and this is especially true in Philippines and Thailand. This suggests the role of occupational choice in in helping urban squatter households in mitigating the risk of food shortage through the selection of an income-generating activity that allows the direct use of unsold inventories for food consumption.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by American University, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 2010-06.
Date of creation: May 2010
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Web page: http://www.american.edu/cas/economics/
food security; self-employment; occupational choice; urban informal sector;
Other versions of this item:
- Floro, Maria Sagrario & Bali Swain, Ranjula, 2013. "Food Security, Gender, and Occupational Choice among Urban Low-Income Households," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 89-99.
- Maria S. Floro & Ranjula Bali Swain, 2010. "Food Security, Gender and Occupational Choice among Urban Low-Income Households," Working Papers 2010-20, American University, Department of Economics.
- NEP-AGR-2010-05-29 (Agricultural Economics)
- NEP-ALL-2010-05-29 (All new papers)
- NEP-LAB-2010-05-29 (Labour Economics)
- NEP-SEA-2010-05-29 (South East Asia)
- NEP-URE-2010-05-29 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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