Creative Destruction, Economic Insecurity, Stress and Epidemic Obesity
AbstractThe percentage of Americans who are obese has doubled since 1980. Most attempts to explain this "obesity epidemic" have been found inadequate, including the "Big Two" (the increased availability of inexpensive food and the decline of physical exertion). This article explores the possibility that the obesity epidemic is substantially due to growing insecurity, stress, and a sense of powerlessness in modern society where high-sugar and high-fat foods are increasingly omnipresent. Those suffering these conditions may suffer less control over other domains of their lives. Insecurity and stress have been found to increase the desire for high-fat and high sugar foods. After exploring the evidence of a link between stress and obesity, the increasing pace of capitalism's creative destruction and its generation of greater insecurity and stress are addressed. The article ends with reflections on how epidemic obesity is symptomatic of a social mistake –- the seeking of maximum efficiency and economic growth even in societies where the fundamental problem of material security has been solved.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by American University, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 2009-13 JEL classification: L10, L40.
Date of creation: Aug 2009
Date of revision:
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Web page: http://www.american.edu/cas/economics/
Social gradient obesity; endogenous preferences; cortisol; inequality; thrifty genes; rational choice model;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2009-12-05 (All new papers)
- NEP-HAP-2009-12-05 (Economics of Happiness)
- NEP-LTV-2009-12-05 (Unemployment, Inequality & Poverty)
- NEP-PKE-2009-12-05 (Post Keynesian Economics)
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