WP 5 - Employers' and employees' preferences for working time reduction and working time differentiation
AbstractWorking time reduction is high on the political agenda, but preferences and practices have not been studied extensively. Using large-scale survey data of 17,308 employees in Dutch banks after the introduction of the 36-hours working week by the end of 1996, ordinal and logistic regression analyses are performed to determine (1) which employees have favourable or unfavourable attitudes with regard to the working time reduction and (2) which employees are assigned reduced working hours and which are not. The results indicate that with regard to employee preferences the maximizing income thesis is mostly supported: low-income, breadwinning and part-time employees are less in favour of RWT. Theses on maximizing working hours or maximizing non-working hours are partly supported. Female employees have more favourable attitudes, although this is not related to the presence of young children. Supervisors have less favourable attitudes. The working time reduction aimed at work sharing to prevent dismissals, but the analyses indicate that the employees in redundant jobs hardly have more favourable attitudes. The thesis of minimizing working hours is hardly supported. The explanatory power of the model is low and the issue definitely needs more investigation. In explaining employer’s strategies to assign reduced working hours to employees, the thesis on the long-term transformation processes from clerical bureaucracies into commercially operating units is most supported. Reduced hours are less often assigned to commercial and counter employees, and more often to the clerical occupations. In contrast to previous studies, the thesis that employers’ assignment strategies aim for productivity increase is hardly supported.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by AIAS, Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies in its series AIAS Working Papers with number wp5.
Date of creation: May 2001
Date of revision:
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Altman, Morris, 2001. "A behavioral model of labor supply: casting some light into the black box of income-leisure choice," The Journal of Socio-Economics, Elsevier, vol. 30(3), pages 199-219, May.
- Éric Heyer & Xavier Timbeau, 2000.
"35 heures : réduction réduite,"
Revue de l'OFCE,
Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(3), pages 53-95.
- Bosch, Gerhard & Lehndorff, Steffen, 2001. "Working-Time Reduction and Employment: Experiences in Europe and Economic Policy Recommendations," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 25(2), pages 209-43, March.
- Bosch, Gerhard, 1986. "The Dispute over the Reduction of the Working Week in West Germany," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 10(3), pages 271-90, September.
- Jennifer Hunt, 1996. "The Response of Wages and Actual Hours Worked to the Reductions of Standard Hours," NBER Working Papers 5716, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Wiemer Salverda).
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.