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USDA's Healthy Eating Index and Nutrition Information

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Author Info

  • Variyam, Jayachandran N.
  • Blaylock, James R.
  • Smallwood, David M.
  • Basiotis, P. Peter

Abstract

A comprehensive model is developed to measure the extent that nutrition knowledge and diet-health awareness, among other factors, influence an individual's Healthy Eating Index (HEI), USDA's measure of overall diet quality. This is the first study that rigorously attempts to examine variation in the index across population groups by controlling for personal and household characteristics and nutrition information levels, as well as test for the endogeneity of nutrition information. Results indicate that one's level of nutrition information has an important influence on one's HEI and that nutrition information and the HEI are simultaneously determined. Other factors explaining variations in HEI's across individuals are income and education levels, race, ethnicity, and age. Evidence supports the hypothesis that higher education promotes more healthful food choices through better acquisition and use of health information.

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File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33588
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service in its series Technical Bulletins with number 33588.

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Date of creation: 1998
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ags:uerstb:33588

Contact details of provider:
Postal: 1400 Independence Ave.,SW, Mail Stop 1800, Washington, DC 20250-1800
Phone: 202-694-5050
Fax: 202-694-5700
Email:
Web page: http://www.ers.usda.gov/
More information through EDIRC

Related research

Keywords: diet quality; Healthy Eating Index; nutrient demand; nutrition knowledge; health inputs; health production; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety;

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Cited by:
  1. Padilla, Luis, 2001. "Fruit Consumption: Dietary Health And Policy Implications," 2001 Annual meeting, August 5-8, Chicago, IL 20538, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  2. Blaylock, James & Smallwood, David & Kassel, Kathleen & Variyam, Jay & Aldrich, Lorna, 1999. "Economics, food choices, and nutrition," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 24(2-3), pages 269-286, May.
  3. Kinsey, Jean & Bowland, Bradley, 1999. "How can the US food system deliver food products consistent with the dietary guidelines?: Food marketing and retailing: an economist's view," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 24(2-3), pages 237-253, May.
  4. Grainger, Corbett & Senauer, Benjamin & Runge, C. Ford, 2005. "Analyzing Health Innovations in a School Lunch Program," Working Papers 14393, University of Minnesota, Center for International Food and Agricultural Policy.
  5. Drescher, Larissa S. & Goddard, Ellen W., 2008. "Comparing Predictors of Diet Quality in Canada Over Time Under Consideration of Altering Food Guides," Staff Paper Series 52091, University of Alberta, Department of Resource Economics and Environmental Sociology.
  6. Lin, Biing-Hwan & Variyam, Jayachandran N. & Allshouse, Jane E. & Cromartie, John, 2003. "Food And Agricultural Commodity Consumption In The United States: Looking Ahead To 2020," Agricultural Economics Reports 33959, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
  7. Chandran, Ram, 2003. "Effects of WIC Program Participation on Food Consumption and Diet Quality," 2003 Annual meeting, July 27-30, Montreal, Canada 22226, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  8. Collins, Keith, 1999. "Public policy and the supply of food," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 24(2-3), pages 311-324, May.
  9. Angulo, Ana Maria & Mtimet, Nadhem & Gil, Jose Maria, 2008. "Análisis de la demanda de alimentos en España considerando el impacto de la dieta sobre la salud," Economia Agraria y Recursos Naturales, Spanish Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 8(2).

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