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Household Food Security in the United States, 2004

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Author Info

  • Nord, Mark
  • Andrews, Margaret S.

Abstract

Eighty-eight percent of American households were food secure throughout the entire year in 2004, meaning that they had access, at all times, to enough food for an active, healthy life for all household members. The remaining households were food insecure at least some time during that year. The prevalence of food insecurity rose from 11.2 percent of households in 2003 to 11.9 percent in 2004, and the prevalence of food insecurity with hunger rose from 3.5 percent to 3.9 percent. This report, based on data from the December 2004 food security survey, provides the most recent statistics on the food security of U.S. households, as well as on how much they spent for food and the extent to which food-insecure households participated in Federal and community food assistance programs. Survey responses indicate that the typical food-secure household in the United States spent 31 percent more on food than the typical food-insecure household of the same size and household composition. Just over half of all food-insecure households participated in one or more of the three largest Federal food assistance programs during the month prior to the survey. About 20 percent of food-insecure households—3.5 percent of all U.S. households— obtained emergency food from a food pantry at some time during the year.

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File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33596
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service in its series Economic Research Report with number 33596.

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Date of creation: 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ags:uersrr:33596

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Related research

Keywords: Food security; food insecurity; hunger; food spending; food pantry; soup kitchen; emergency kitchen; material well-being; Food Stamp Program; National School Lunch Program; WIC; Food Security and Poverty;

References

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  1. Nord, Mark & Andrews, Margaret S. & Carlson, Steven, 2002. "Household Food Security In The United States, 2001," Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Reports 33865, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
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Cited by:
  1. Sheila Mammen & Jean Bauer & Leslie Richards, 2009. "Understanding Persistent Food Insecurity: A Paradox of Place and Circumstance," Social Indicators Research, Springer, vol. 92(1), pages 151-168, May.
  2. Kull, Melissa A. & Coley, Rebekah Levine, 2014. "Housing costs and child functioning: Processes through investments and financial strains," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 25-38.
  3. Sheila Mammen & Frances Lawrence & Peter Marie & Ann Berry & Suzann Knight, 2011. "The Earned Income Tax Credit and Rural Families: Differences Between Non-participants and Participants," Journal of Family and Economic Issues, Springer, vol. 32(3), pages 461-472, September.

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