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Evolução E Caracterização Dos Níveis De Pobreza Do Nordeste Entre 1995 E 2005

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Author Info

  • Sobel, Tiago Farias
  • Goncalves, Michela B. Camboim
  • Costa, Ecio de Farias

Abstract

Existe um amplo consenso entre cientistas, políticos, pesquisadores e intelectuais de todo o mundo de que a redução da pobreza deve ser vista como uma das prioridades das políticas públicas. Deste modo, a mensuração do nível de pobreza se torna alvo de um intenso debate, na medida em que é necessário primeiramente identificar onde ela está localizada para, em seguida, ter-se condições de combatê-la. Hoje no Brasil esta preocupação se torna mais evidente quando as análises enfocam o espaço econômico do Nordeste, pois esta região é reconhecidamente a mais carente do país. Ao mesmo tempo, é sabido que a partir de meados de 1994 uma nova realidade política foi imposta ao país, acarretando em uma série de conseqüências sobre a população nacional e, automaticamente, também sobre a nordestina. Neste sentido, o presente trabalho tem como objetivo geral mensurar e analisar, por meio de uma série de indicadores, a evolução da pobreza nos nove estados da região Nordeste entre os anos de 1995 a 2005, expondo os principais atributos que influenciaram na dinâmica observada. De uma maneira geral, observou-se que, embora em 2005 os indicadores de pobreza ainda se encontrassem em patamares alarmantes, houve uma tendência semelhante na sua evolução na região – um considerável declínio entre 1995 e 2005 – contudo, com pequenas divergências nas intensidades de comportamento dos diferentes estados. -----------------------------------------------All over the world, an ample consensus exists between scientists, political, researchers and intellectuals that poverty reduction should be seen as one of the public policies priorities. Therefore, poverty level mensuration becomes the target of an intense debate, when it is necessary firstly to identify where poverty is located to have, afterwards, conditions of combatting it. Nowadays, in Brazil, this concern is more evident when the analyses focus the economical space of the Northeast, because this region is considered the poorest of the country. At the same time, it is known that, starting from middles of 1994, a new political reality was imposed to the country resulting in several consequences for the national population and, automatically, the Northeaster population too. In this sense, this article has as general objective to measure and analyze, through several indicators, poverty evolution in the nine states of the Brazilian Northeast Region among the 1995 and 2005, exposing the main attributes that influenced in the observed dynamics. In general, it was observed that, although in 2005 the poverty indicators were in high levels, there was a similar tendency in the poverty evolution in the region – a considerable decline between 1995 and 2005 – however, with some divergences in the behaviors intensities of different States.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administracao e Sociologia Rural (SOBER) in its series 46th Congress, July 20-23, 2008, Rio Branco, Acre, Brasil with number 110067.

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Date of creation: Jul 2008
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Handle: RePEc:ags:sbrfsr:110067

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Web page: http://www.sober.org.br/
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Keywords: Medidas de Pobreza; Nordeste; Políticas Públicas Nacionais; Poverty Measures; Northeast; National Public Politics; Food Security and Poverty;

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