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A Nova Economia Institucional – N Ei E Os Sistemas Agroflorestais – Saf’S: Um Estudo Com Duas Organizações Agroflorestais Na Região Amazônica

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  • Carvalho, Otacilio Moreira De
  • Neto, Jose Moreira Da Silva
  • Carvalho, Erasmo Moreira De
  • Pereira, Sidinei Aparecido
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    Abstract

    Este artigo tem como objetivo abordar os SAF’s no contexto da NEI, identificando e descrevendo variáveis com maior motricidade e dependência, que restringem o desempenho dessas atividades no Estado de Rondônia. SAF’s são formas de uso da terra onde componentes florestais são associados com à agropecuária, contribuindo para a redução das pressões humanas ao ambiente. Na Amazônia vem se expandindo a produção por meio de SAF’s, conduzidos por pequenos produtores familiares organizados que integram a produção primária ao beneficiamento. Há entraves no ambiente institucional e organizacional que limitam o desempenho dos SAF’s, que devem ser conhecidos e estudados. A NEI como abordagem teórica veio complementar os pressupostos da economia neoclássica ao afirmar que existem custos de funcionamento do sistema econômico. Os Custos de Transação analisa a insuficiência do mecanismo de preços em garantir a eficiência do mercado. Para identificar as variáveis foi aplicado um questionário para 10 (dez) técnicos que dão suporte aos SAF’s em Rondônia, sendo identificadas 32 (trinta e duas) variáveis para estudo, que foram relacionadas em formato de matriz e apresentado aos especialistas, possibilitando conhecer as variáveis de ligação. Os principais entraves se encontram no ambiente organizacional.------------------------------------------------The aim of this article is to approach the SAF's in the context of the NEI, identifying and describing variables with bigger motion and dependence, which restricts these activities performance in the State of Rondônia. SAF's are ways of land usage where forest components are associated with farming, contributing for the reduction of human beings pressures to the environment. In Amazon, the production through SAF’s are being expanded by small organized familiar producers who integrate the primary production to the improvement. There are impediments in institucional and organizacional environment that limit the SAF's performance, which must be known and studied. The NEI as a theoretical approach has complemented the assumptions of neoclassic economics, saying there are operation costs of the economic system. Transaction Costs analyze the failure of price mechanism to garantee the efficiency of the market. To identify the variables, a questionnaire was applied to 10 (ten) technicians who give support to the SAF's in Rondônia, being identified 32 (thirty two) variables to study, which were related in the matrix and presented to the experts, allowing to know the linking variables. The main obstacles are in the organizational environment.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administracao e Sociologia Rural (SOBER) in its series 46th Congress, July 20-23, 2008, Rio Branco, Acre, Brasil with number 109631.

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    Date of creation: Jul 2008
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    Handle: RePEc:ags:sbrfsr:109631

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    Keywords: Nova Economia Institucional; Sistemas Agroflorestais; Custos de Transação; Matriz Estrutural Prospectiva; New Institutional Economics; Agroforestry Sistems; Transaction Costs; Structural Prospective Matrix; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy;

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