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Análise Econômica dos PAD’s Boa Esperança e Humaitá: dez anos depois

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  • Souza, Gisele Elaine De Araujo Batista
  • Souza, Elyson Ferreira De
  • Maciel, Raimundo Claudio Gomes
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    Abstract

    Os Projetos de Assentamentos Dirigidos (PAD’s), instalados no Acre, a partir de 1976, por meio do Instituto de Colonização e Reforma Agrária (INCRA), foram apresentados como uma proposta de desenvolvimento promissora para a atividade agrícola, alicerçada nos moldes da agricultura familiar. Dentre esses projetos, foram criados os PAD’s Boa Esperança e Humaitá, localizados nos municípios de Sena Madureira-AC e Porto Acre-AC, respectivamente. No entanto, a pequena produção familiar agrícola desses assentamentos enfrenta diversos e difíceis obstáculos para se estabelecer no modelo da agricultura moderna. Diante destas limitações, busca-se transformar essa realidade mediante a implementação de políticas públicas. Contudo, não pode haver transformação sem o conhecimento empírico dessa realidade. Considerando a carência de estudos sobre a situação sócio-econômica da produção familiar rural na Amazônia Ocidental, especificamente no Estado do Acre, a partir de 1996, o Departamento de Economia da Universidade Federal do Acre (UFAC), iniciou o Projeto Análise Econômica de Sistemas Básicos da Produção Familiar Rural no Estado do Acre (ASPF), com o objetivo de pesquisar três sistemas de produção predominantes na região do Vale do Acre, o extrativista, o agrícola e o agroflorestal. Este estudo propõe-se a analisar e comparar o desempenho sócio-econômico dos PAD’s Boa Esperança e Humaitá, situados no contexto do sistema agrícola, na região do Vale do Acre, utilizando como referência os ciclos produtivos de 1996/1997 e 2005/2006, mediante indicadores de resultados econômicos adequados à região. Os resultados apontam que, apesar da aparente melhora nos rendimentos das famílias pesquisadas, a parcela de renda apropriada pelos produtores ainda continua insuficiente para a reprodução das famílias, tendo em vista seus gastos no mercado, além da redução da eficiência econômica entre as unidades produtivas analisadas.-------------------------------------------------The Projects of settlements Addressed (PAD's), installed in Acre, since 1976, through the Institute of Colonization and Agrarian Reform (INCRA), were presented as a proposal for a promising development for the agricultural activity, rooted in the way of family farming. Among these projects have been created the PAD's Boa Esperança and Humaitá, located in the municipalities of Sena Madureira ande Porto Acre, state of Acre, respectively. However, the small family agricultural production such settlements faces several obstacles and difficult to establish the model of modern agriculture. Given these limitations, finding themselves transform that reality through the implementation of public policies. However, there can be processed without the knowledge of this empirical reality. Considering the lack of studies on the socio-economic situation of rural family production in the Amazon West, specifically in the state of Acre, since 1996, the Department of Economics, Federal University of Acre (UFAC), started the Project Economic Analysis Systems Basic Family Rural Production in the state of Acre (ASPF), in order to find three systems of production prevailing in the Valley of Acre, the extractive, agricultural and agroflorestal. This study proposes to analyze and compare the performance of the socio-economic PAD's Boa Esperança and Humaitá, located in the agricultural system, in the Vale of Acre, using as a reference the cycles of productive 1996/1997 and 2005 / 2006, by indicators of economic results suitable to the region. The results show that despite the apparent improvement in the income of households surveyed, the share of income appropriate by the producers still inadequate for reproduction families in view their spending on the market, in addition to the reduction of economic efficiency between production units analyzed.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administracao e Sociologia Rural (SOBER) in its series 46th Congress, July 20-23, 2008, Rio Branco, Acre, Brasil with number 109449.

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    Date of creation: Jul 2008
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    Handle: RePEc:ags:sbrfsr:109449

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    Keywords: Agricultura familiar; Projetos de Assentamento Dirigidos; Análise Econômica; Agriculture family; Projects Assentamento Addressed; Economic Analysis; Agribusiness;

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