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Desenvolvimento Sustentável E Sojicultura Em Roraima: Trajetórias Antagônicas Ou Conciliáveis?

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  • Gianluppi, Luciana Dal
  • Waquil, Paulo Dabdab
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    Abstract

    Quando há o entendimento de que crescimento e desenvolvimento são sinônimos, tende-se a prezar uma dimensão do desenvolvimento em detrimento das outras, o que acaba por prejudicar a população por meio de carências nas condições de vida e destruição do meio ambiente principalmente. O ideal do desenvolvimento sustentável surge na tentativa de harmonizar crescimento econômico, igualdade social e preservação ambiental. Buscando avaliar se existe compatibilidade entre essas três dimensões que o problema dessa pesquisa foi proposto – a expansão da sojicultura em Roraima é sustentável? –, uma vez que, na expansão da produção de soja pelo Brasil, as dimensões econômica, social e ambiental nem sempre caminham juntas. Para alcançar o objetivo de observar a sustentabilidade dessa expansão em Roraima, foi realizada uma pesquisa qualitativa com os sojicultores para verificar o seu perfil e o seu entendimento sobre desenvolvimento sustentável. Também foi feita uma mensuração da sustentabilidade das propriedades através de índices, utilizando a metodologia proposta por Sepúlveda (2005). Foi encontrado que o sojicultor de Roraima tem bom nível de escolaridade, é jovem e não possui a soja como única fonte de renda. Esses produtores entendem que o desenvolvimento sustentável implica em continuidade em diversas dimensões, especialmente, as três consideradas por essa pesquisa.Os índices de sustentabilidade evidenciaram que a dimensão mais fraca é a econômica e a mais forte, a social, ficando a ambiental em situação intermediária. Portanto, observa-se que sojicultura e desenvolvimento sustentável em Roraima podem ser compatíveis desde que não se permita que a dimensão econômica seja limitante e que as tendências de cumprimento à legislação ambiental e trabalhista sejam mantidas. -------------------------------------------------------When we understand growth as development, we prize one dimension of development, forgetting the other ones and harming the population mainly by the privation in their lifes and damage to the environment. The ideal of sustainable development emerges to harmonize economic growth, social equity and environmental preservation. Trying to evaluate if there is compatibility among these three dimensions that the problem of this research was proposed – is the expansion of soybean production sustainable? – because in the expansion of soybean production through Brazil, economic, social and environmental dimensions were disconnected. To reach the aim of observing the sustainability of this expansion in Roraima, were realized a qualitative search with soybean producers to verify some of their characteristics and their understanding about sustainable development. We also measured the farms’ sustainability by indexes according to Sepúlveda (2005). We found, as results, that the soybean producer of Roraima has a good degree of formal education, is young and the soybean production is not his only source of revenue. These producers understand that the sustainable development involves continuity in several dimensions especially those utilized by this research. The sustainability indexes showed that the weakest dimension is economic and the strongest, social, while the environmental dimension is between the others. Hence, we observe that soybean production and sustainable development in Roraima could be compatible if the economic dimension is improved and the respect to environmental and labour laws be conserved.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administracao e Sociologia Rural (SOBER) in its series 46th Congress, July 20-23, 2008, Rio Branco, Acre, Brasil with number 109116.

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    Date of creation: Jul 2008
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    Handle: RePEc:ags:sbrfsr:109116

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    Web page: http://www.sober.org.br/
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    Keywords: Sojicultura; desenvolvimento sustentável; Roraima; caracterização; índices; Soybean production; sustainable development; Roraima; characterization; indexes; International Development;

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