Análise Da Atividade Florestal No Pará Através Da Matriz De Contabilidade Social
AbstractAs indústrias de base florestal e de madeira processada mecanicamente possuem relevância na economia brasileira, pois participaram na formação do Produto Interno Bruto (PIB) em 2006 com 4,7% e geraram 10,6 milhões de empregos (ABIMCI, 2007). No âmbito estadual, o Pará se destaca com produtos extrativos da floresta tropical, principalmente da madeira em tora, cuja participação, em 2005, foi de 57,2% do total de 17.372.428 m3 produzidos no País (IBGE, 2006). Frente a esse cenário, este estudo teve como objetivo analisar a importância socioeconômica das atividades florestal e de madeira e mobiliário no Pará, através do modelo da Matriz de Contabilidade Social (MCS) do ano de 1999. Os resultados revelaram que as atividades de base florestal foram consideradas atividades-chave, por apresentarem efeito de linkages para frente e/ou para trás superior a um. Todavia, em função do ajuste da legislação ambiental em vigor, as atividades de base florestal terão que implementar novos padrões de produção sustentáveis, atendendo as exigências dos mercados nacional e internacional.----------------------------------------------The forestry and wood mechanically processed industries have an important economic relevance in the Brazilian economy, since they participated in the formation of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), in 2006, with 4.7% and created 10.6 million jobs (Brazilian Industry Association of Mechanically Processed Wood, 2007). On the regional basis, the State of Para stands as a tropical extractive forest economy, mainly wood in logs, with a participation, in 2005, of 57.2% of the 17.372.428 m3 produced in the country (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics, 2006). In this scenario, the objective of the study is to investigate the importance of the social and economic forest, wooden and furniture activities in the State of Pará, using the model of Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) for the year of 1999. The results showed that, in 1999, the activities depending on forest, wooden and furniture had high relevance in the State's economy creating jobs and income, besides being considered key-activities, by presenting forward and/or backward links equal or superior to one. Still, given the present environmental legislation, the industries depending on forestry activities would have to implement new sustainable production processes, attending the national and international market requirements.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administracao e Sociologia Rural (SOBER) in its series 46th Congress, July 20-23, 2008, Rio Branco, Acre, Brasil with number 109114.
Date of creation: Jul 2008
Date of revision:
Atividade florestal; Matriz de Contabilidade Social; Relações intersetoriais; forestry activity; Social Accounting Matrix (SAM); Intersectorial relations; Industrial Organization;
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