Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

Impactos Dos Subsídios Agrícolas Dos Eua Na Expansão Da Produção E Exportações Do Agronegócio Brasileiro

Contents:

Author Info

  • Figueiredo, Adelson Martins
  • Oliveira, Maria Aparecida Silva
  • Santos, Maurinho Luiz dos
Registered author(s):

    Abstract

    No Acordo Agrícola da Rodada Uruguai e posteriores rodadas de negociações multilaterais foram propostas metas de redução de subsídios à agricultura. Mesmo assim, o que tem ocorrido é uma elevação dos volumes de recursos concedidos aos produtores agrícolas dos EUA. Salienta-se que os subsídios à produção agrícola nos EUA geram distorções no comércio mundial desses produtos, na medida em que reduzem suas importações e aumentam os excedentes exportáveis. Assim, o objetivo da presente pesquisa é avaliar os impactos dos subsídios à produção agrícola dos EUA – concedidos através dos Loan Deficiency Payments (LDP) – sobre o crescimento do agronegócio brasileiro. Para isso foi utilizado um Modelo Aplicado de Equilíbrio Geral (MAEG) para a economia dos EUA e do Brasil. A partir desse modelo, utilizando a hipótese de Market Share constante, simularam-se quatro cenários de redução de subsídios norte-americanos: redução no valor médio anual e no montante total de subsídio concedido no período de 2002 a 2007, em conjunturas otimistas e pessimistas. Dos resultados obtidos pode-se inferir que as mudanças na produção dos EUA seriam, em geral, negativas e do Brasil positivas. Isso ocorreria, pois a queda na produção do agronegócio dos EUA diminuiria os excedentes exportáveis desse país, gerando maiores oportunidades de expansão do agronegócio em países concorrentes, como o Brasil. Portanto, haveria queda nas exportações agroindustriais dos EUA e queda nas importações, possivelmente devido à desaceleração do crescimento. O Brasil, por sua vez, apresentaria elevação das exportações e importações agroindustriais em todos os cenários, mas seria gerado saldo positivo para a balança comercial desse setor. Conclui-se que a redução da produção agroindustrial nos EUA devido à redução dos subsídios agrícolas geraria oportunidades para o crescimento do agronegócio brasileiro e promoveria maior competitividade das exportações.-------------------------------------------Into the agricultural agreement of the Uruguai round and the forthcoming rounds of multilateral negociations were proposed marks for decreasing the subsidies to agriculture. Even so, what has been occurring it is an increasing of the volume of granted resources to the agricultural producers in the USA. It is pointed out that the subsidies to the agricultural production into the USA create distortions into the worldwide trade. Thus, the objective of this research is to evaluate the impacts of subsidies to the agricultural production of the USA granted through the Loan Deficiency Payments (LDP), upon the Brazilian agribusiness growing. For this, it was used an Computable General Equilibrium Model to the economy of Brazil and the USA. Since this model, using a hypothesis of constant Market Share, four sceneries for the reduction of the American subsidies were simulated: reduction of the medium yearly and of the total amount of subsidies granted during the period from 2002 to 2007, into optimist and pessimist situations. We can infer from the results gathered that the changes on the USA production would be negative in general, but positive for Brazil. This would occur, because the downing of production in the USA agricultural trade would diminish the exportable excess of this country, creating more opportunities for the agricultural trade expansion for the competitors countries like Brazil. Therefore, there would be a decline on the agro-industry exportations and importations of the USA. Brazil, on the other hand, would present an increasing of the agro-industry exportations and importations in all the sceneries, but it would be created a positive credit balance to the balance of trade of this sector. It is concluded that the reduction of the agro-industry production in the USA due to the reduction of agricultural subsidies would create opportunities for the Brazilian agricultural trade and would promote more exportations competitiveness.

    Download Info

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
    File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/108883
    Download Restriction: no

    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administracao e Sociologia Rural (SOBER) in its series 46th Congress, July 20-23, 2008, Rio Branco, Acre, Brasil with number 108883.

    as in new window
    Length:
    Date of creation: Jul 2008
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:ags:sbrfsr:108883

    Contact details of provider:
    Email:
    Web page: http://www.sober.org.br/
    More information through EDIRC

    Related research

    Keywords: subsídios agrícolas; EUA; crescimento; agronegócio brasileiro; Agricultural subsidies; the USA; growing; Brazilian agricultural trade; International Relations/Trade;

    References

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    Citations

    Lists

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ags:sbrfsr:108883. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (AgEcon Search).

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.