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A Produção Camponesa Em Foco: Passos Metodológicos Para O Cálculo De Gravitação Econômica

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  • Andre, Joao Vicente
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    Abstract

    O artigo estuda a contribuição camponesa ao processo de desenvolvimento regional numa área amazônica, com especial ênfase ao chamado desenvolvimento endógeno e a teoria gravitacional econômica, relacionando diversos dados e indicadores socioeconômicos. Parte-se do pressuposto de que, apesar das possíveis interpretações de publicações oficiais e dos interesses envolvidos, a produção de origem camponesa apresenta uma participação relevante no espaço e no tempo, contribuindo positivamente para o processo de desenvolvimento socioeconômico da região estudada. O primeiro passo metodológico foi o de fazer um levantamento da mesorregião selecionada em números e relacionar estes dados de origem socioeconômica com a teoria gravitacional no processo de desenvolvimento regional. Em seguida foram encontrados os principais “pólos” (municípios de maior atratividade, a partir da análise das variáveis envolvidas). Os resultados obtidos foram agrupados em categorias de análise, construindo-se um perfil agregado dos municípios da mesorregião escolhida. As conclusões provisórias apontam para duas direções: a) “redescoberta” crítica do campesinato na Amazônia brasileira; b) necessidade de se reorganizar as políticas públicas na região estudada, com destaque para as atividades agropecuárias por conta de seu maior impacto econômico.----------------------The present work studies the peasant contribution to the process of regional development in an area of the State of Pará, with special emphasis to the call endogenous development and the theory economical gravitational, relating several data and socioeconomic indicators in Nordeste Paraense. There is presupposition that, in spite of the possible interpretations to the read texts, retired data of official publications and of the involved interests, origin farmer's production presents an important participation in the space and in the time, contributing positively to the process of socioeconomic development of the studied area. The temporary conclusions appear for two directions: the) to the “rediscovered” critic of the campesinato in the Amazonian Brazilian, in spite of the speech that looks for to condemn the activity farmer to the delay and the slow historical disappearance; b) to the need to reorganize the public politics in the studied area, with prominence for the agricultural activities due to your largest economical impact.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administracao e Sociologia Rural (SOBER) in its series 46th Congress, July 20-23, 2008, Rio Branco, Acre, Brasil with number 108625.

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    Date of creation: Jul 2008
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    Handle: RePEc:ags:sbrfsr:108625

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    Keywords: Campesinato; Desenvolvimento Endógeno; Desenvolvimento Regional; Gravitação econômica; peasant; endogenous development; regional development; economical gravitational; Community/Rural/Urban Development;

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