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Implicações Econômicas e Socioambientais do Biodiesel: Perspectivas da Inserção Gaúcha na Produção

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  • Borges, Adriana Duck
  • Prieb, Rita Pauli
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    Abstract

    O objetivo desse artigo é fazer uma análise das implicações econômicas e sócio ambientais do biodiesel com ênfase nas perspectivas da inserção gaúcha na produção. A metodologia utilizada compreende duas etapas: primeiro uma revisão bibliográfica acerca da produção e mercado do biodiesel em nível mundial e a particularidade do caso brasileiro. Num segundo momento, buscou-se explicitar a perspectiva gaúcha na produção do biodiesel a partir da aplicação de questionários às pessoas-chave vinculadas às usinas de processamento e prefeituras dos municípios envolvidos na produção. A principal conclusão reforça a viabilidade econômica, e sócio ambiental dessa produção. Ao permitir a produção com base na agricultura familiar, contribui para a diminuição do êxodo rural, os benefícios se mostram em toda a cadeia produtiva irradiando outros setores produtivos gerando desenvolvimento local sustentável.----------------------------This study aims to analyze some economic and socio-environment implications of biodiesel, emphasizing the perspectives for the insertion of the state of Rio Grande do Sul in the production. The methodology used comprehends two phases: first, a bibliographic review on world biodiesel production and market, and the peculiarity of the Brazilian case. In a second moment, it was sought to explain the perspective for this state in the production of biodiesel, based on the application of questionnaires to some key people linked to producing plants and city halls in the cities involved in the production. The main conclusion supports the economic and socio-environment feasibility of this production. By allowing production, based on family agriculture, it contributes in the decreasing of the number of people leaving rural areas, and the benefits are sensed in the whole productive chain through the support of other productive sectors and the generation of sustained local development.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administracao e Sociologia Rural (SOBER) in its series 46th Congress, July 20-23, 2008, Rio Branco, Acre, Brasil with number 108194.

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    Date of creation: Jul 2008
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    Handle: RePEc:ags:sbrfsr:108194

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    Web page: http://www.sober.org.br/
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    Keywords: Biocombustível; Biodiesel; Economia; Meio-ambiente; Biofuel; Biodiesel; Economy; Environment; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy;

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