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Concentração do crédito rural no Estado da Bahia no período de 1999 a 2003

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  • Almeida, Paulo Nazareno Alves
  • Lima, Roberto Arruda de Souza
  • Santos, Vinicius Correia
  • Almeida, Andreia Ferraz Chaves
  • Shirota, Ricardo
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    Abstract

    O crédito rural é uma das principais políticas de fomento à agricultura, porém os recursos têm sido distribuídos de forma desigual, privilegiando o Sul e o Sudeste brasileiros. O objetivo do presente trabalho foi mensurar a concentração do crédito agrícola na Bahia, dividido em suas mesorregiões, no período de 1999 a 2003. Para tanto, utilizou-se a metodologia do índice T de Theil e da análise tabular dos dados. Os resultados demonstraram concentração do crédito entre as mesorregiões baianas. Apesar de se verificar concentração do crédito pela análise tabular, esta não foi fortemente caracterizada pelo índice T de Theil, que mensurou a distribuição do crédito em relação ao valor da produção. A despeito da elevação do índice no período analisado, verificou-se que esta ainda é baixa em comparação ao seu valor máximo.------------------------------The rural credit is one of the most important agricultural policy finance, however the resources have been distributed in an inequality way, benefiting the brazilian south and southeast regions. This article aims to mensurate the rural credit concentration in the Bahia state, it was divided in its 7 (seven) “mesorregiões”, in the period from 1999 to 2003. Tabular analysis, estimation of Theil T index were used as the basic analytical techniques for the study. The main results of the research show concentration among the “mesorregiões” by tabular analysis, but analyzing by Theil index, this concentration was not perceived. They differ because the Theil index consider the relationship between the credit distribution and agricultural production value. Despite of the elevation in the Theil index in the full period, note that the concentration is lower faced with his higher value.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administracao e Sociologia Rural (SOBER) in its series 46th Congress, July 20-23, 2008, Rio Branco, Acre, Brasil with number 108188.

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    Date of creation: Jul 2008
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    Handle: RePEc:ags:sbrfsr:108188

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    Web page: http://www.sober.org.br/
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    Keywords: crédito rural; concentração; distribuição; índice T de Theil; Bahia; rural credit; concentration; distribution; Theil index; Agricultural Finance;

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