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A contribuição de P&D Agropecuário para Convergência e Crescimento da Renda Agropecuária no Brasil

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  • Barreto, Ricardo Candea Sa
  • Almeida, Eduardo Simões de
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    Abstract

    Este artigo estuda o crescimento econômico e a convergência de renda Agropecuária dos estados Brasileiros de 1986 a 2004. Para este fim, utiliza-se um modelo econométrico de efeitos fixos, controlando-se a dependência espacial. Além de comprovar convergência condicional, o modelo econométrico revelou que o crescimento do PIB per capita agropecuário foi afetado por variáveis como capital físico agropecuário, infra-estrutura telefônica, infra-estrutura de armazenagem, crédito rural, número de trabalhadores rurais, e por externalidades espaciais. Além disso, ficou evidenciada a importância de P & D agropecuário para o crescimento e convergência de renda per capita no setor agropecuário e ainda a geração de externalidades espaciais positivas.--------------------------This article examines the economic growth and the convergence of income farming Brazilian states from 1986 to 2004. For this purpose, use is an econometric model of fixed effects, managing to spatial dependence. Besides prove conditional convergence, the econometric model showed that the growth in GDP per capita farming was affected by variables such as farming physical capital, infrastructure telephone, storage infrastructure, rural credit, number of rural workers, and by externalities spatial. Furthermore, it was demonstrated the importance of R & D, for growth and convergence of per capita income in the agricultural sector and the generation of positive externalities spatial.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administracao e Sociologia Rural (SOBER) in its series 46th Congress, July 20-23, 2008, Rio Branco, Acre, Brasil with number 108170.

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    Date of creation: Jul 2008
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    Handle: RePEc:ags:sbrfsr:108170

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    Keywords: convergência de renda agropecuária; nova geografia econômica; modelo de efeitos fixos com dependência espacial; income convergence; new economic geography; fixed effect model with spatial dependence; Agricultural Finance; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; O18; O47; R11; R23;

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