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Produção de biodiesel e óleo vegetal no Brasil: realidade e desafio

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  • Osaki, Mauro
  • Batalha, Mario Otavio
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    Abstract

    O governo e a sociedade brasileira têm debatido a matriz energética do país com a intenção de identificar alternativas que diminuam a sua dependência dos derivados de petróleo. O biodiesel tem sido o produto considerado mais promissor para substituir parte do diesel fóssil consumido no Brasil para reduzir a emissão de carbono. Este trabalho procurou analisar os dois mercados (biodiesel e óleo vegetal), identificar a mistura de biodiesel para cada região brasileira e caracterizar a produção de biodiesel e as processadoras de óleo vegetal. Os resultados mostram que o consumo do biodiesel está concentrado nas regiões Sul e Sudeste. Já as fábricas esmagadoras de óleos vegetais estão estruturadas para processarem soja e se concentram nas regiões Centro-oeste e Sul--------------------The Brazilian government had discussed about alternative energetic matrix to reduce petroleum dependence and carbon emission at atmosphere. Thus, the biodiesel had been main product to replace part of diesel consuming in Brazil. The present paper looked for analysis two markets and to identify the bland of biodiesel each region of Brazil, to describe de biodiesel production and to locate crushing oil vegetable. The results shows that biodiesel consume is concentrated in south and southeast region of Brazil, and the crushing of vegetable oil is structured to process soybean and the main regions are center ester and south of Brazil.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administracao e Sociologia Rural (SOBER) in its series 46th Congress, July 20-23, 2008, Rio Branco, Acre, Brasil with number 108146.

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    Date of creation: Jul 2008
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    Handle: RePEc:ags:sbrfsr:108146

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    Web page: http://www.sober.org.br/
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    Keywords: Biodiesel; Produção de biodiesel e Óleo vegetal; biodiesel; biodiesel production and oil vegetable; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy;

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