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Beneficiamento De Sementes De Soja No Mato Grosso: Um Estudo De Viabilidade Financeira E De Riscos Associados

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  • Lazzarotto, Joelsio Jose
  • Reis, Bricio dos Santos
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    Abstract

    A utilização de sementes de alta qualidade é fundamental para que os sistemas de produção de soja apresentem adequados resultados técnicos e econômicos. No entanto, para que esses insumos sejam ofertados com alta qualidade, em geral, são necessários expressivos investimentos. Assim, buscou-se verificar se a implantação de uma unidade de beneficiamento de sementes (UBS) de soja no Estado do Mato Grosso constitui, no longo prazo, alternativa financeiramente viável. Para tanto, com base em um horizonte de planejamento de 10 anos de operação da UBS, com capacidade instalada anual de 500 mil sacas de sementes, foram elaborados os fluxos de caixa e calculados alguns indicadores financeiros (sob condições determinísticas e de riscos), como o valor presente líquido e a taxa interna de retorno. Dentre os resultados obtidos, se verificou que, embora os indicadores apontassem para a maior chance de ocorrência de resultados financeiros positivos, existem grandes riscos do projeto não gerar os resultados esperados. Isso significa que o investimento em uma UBS de soja no Mato Grosso, em nenhuma hipótese, pode ser considerado como desassociado de risco.-------------------------------------------------------------------- ----------------The use of seeds of high quality is fundamental for the soybean production systems generate good technical and economical results. However, the supply of those inputs with high quality, in general, needs great investments. Thus, we evaluated if the establishment of a seed processing unit (SPU) of soybean in the State of Mato Grosso is an alternative financial viable in the long-term. Based on a planning horizon of 10 years of operation of the SPU, with capacity installed of 500 thousand bags of seeds by year, we elaborated the cash flows and calculated some financial indicators (under deterministic and risk conditions), as the net present value and the internal rate of return. As results, although the indicators evidenced the largest chance of occurrence of positive financial results, we observed that there are great risks of the project not to generate the expected results. This observation indicates that the investment in a SPU of soybean in Mato Grosso, in any hypothesis, can be considered as disassociated of risk.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administracao e Sociologia Rural (SOBER) in its series 46th Congress, July 20-23, 2008, Rio Branco, Acre, Brasil with number 103147.

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    Date of creation: Jul 2008
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    Handle: RePEc:ags:sbrfsr:103147

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    Web page: http://www.sober.org.br/
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    Keywords: avaliação de projetos; investimento; probabilidades; risco; project evaluation; investment; probabilities; risk; Crop Production/Industries;

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