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Sustentabilidade e meio ambiente no Brasil: uma análise a partir da curva de Kuznets

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  • Sousa, Alexandre Gervasio
  • Araujo, Aracy Alves
  • Santos, Ricardo Bruno Nascimento dos
  • Santos, Francivane Teles Pampolha Dos
  • Diniz, Marvelo Bentes
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    Abstract

    O presente trabalho investigou a validade hipótese da Curva de Kuznets – CK, sobre variáveis que se apresentam como Proxy ambiental, e que indicam a sustentabilidade, para os municípios brasileiros para os anos de 1991 e 2000. As variáveis Proxy do meio ambiente foram representadas pelo déficit em água potável, déficit em saneamento básico e déficit na coleta de lixo, outras variáveis, que representam o desenvolvimento sustentável foram taxa de mortalidade infantil, déficit na alfabetização de adultos e expectativa de vida e renda per capita. Todos os resultados indicam que a hipótese de Kuznets não é válida, indicando que essa hipótese é limitada para explicar a questão ambiental e a sustentabilidade nos municípios brasileiros. This paper investigated the validity of the Kuznets hypothesis Curves - KC on variables that are presented as environmental Proxy, and indicate that the sustainability for the Brazilian roughly for the years 1991-2000. The environmental Proxy variables were represented by the deficit in drinking water, sanitation and the collection of garbage, other variables, which represent sustainable development were mortality infant rate, the deficit of adult literacy and life expectancy and per capita income. All results indicate that the Kuznets assumption is not valid, indicating that this hypothesis is limited to explain the environmental and sustainability in Brazilian roughly.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administracao e Sociologia Rural (SOBER) in its series 46th Congress, July 20-23, 2008, Rio Branco, Acre, Brasil with number 103103.

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    Date of creation: Jul 2008
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    Handle: RePEc:ags:sbrfsr:103103

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    Related research

    Keywords: Desigualdade; Desenvolvimento econômico; Hipótese de Kuznets; Inequality; Economic development; Kuznets hypothesis; Environmental Economics and Policy;

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    1. William Harbaugh & Arik Levinson & David Wilson, 2000. "Reexamining the Empirical Evidence for an Environmental Kuznets Curve," NBER Working Papers 7711, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Gruver, Gene W., 1976. "Optimal investment in pollution control capital in a neoclassical growth context," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 3(3), pages 165-177, October.
    3. David Mushinski, 2001. "Using non-parametrics to inform parametric tests of Kuznets' hypothesis," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 8(2), pages 77-79.
    4. Selden Thomas M. & Song Daqing, 1994. "Environmental Quality and Development: Is There a Kuznets Curve for Air Pollution Emissions?," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 27(2), pages 147-162, September.
    5. Cole, M.A. & Rayner, A.J. & Bates, J.M., 1997. "The environmental Kuznets curve: an empirical analysis," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 2(04), pages 401-416, November.
    6. Andreoni, James & Levinson, Arik, 2001. "The simple analytics of the environmental Kuznets curve," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 80(2), pages 269-286, May.
    7. John Thornton, 2001. "The Kuznets inverted-U hypothesis: panel data evidence from 96 countries," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 8(1), pages 15-16.
    8. Anderson, Kent P., 1972. "Optimal growth when the stock of resources is finite and depletable," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 4(2), pages 256-267, April.
    9. Shafik, Nemat & Bandyopadhyay, Sushenjit, 1992. "Economic growth and environmental quality : time series and cross-country evidence," Policy Research Working Paper Series 904, The World Bank.
    10. Barro, Robert J, 2000. " Inequality and Growth in a Panel of Countries," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 5(1), pages 5-32, March.
    11. Shafik, Nemat, 1994. "Economic Development and Environmental Quality: An Econometric Analysis," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 46(0), pages 757-73, Supplemen.
    12. List, John A & Gallet, Craig A, 1999. "The Kuznets Curve: What Happens after the Inverted-U?," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 3(2), pages 200-206, June.
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