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Substitution Between U.S. And Canadian Wheat By Class


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  • Mulik, Kranti
  • Koo, Won W.


The importation of hard red winter and durum wheat from Canada has been a source of contention among U.S. wheat growers, due to the likeness between domestic and imported Canadian wheat. It has also been investigated as a source of material injury to the U.S. market. We examine the relative substitution between U.S. and Canadian wheat, by class, by treating wheat as an input in flour production. We find that while U.S. hard red spring wheat and U.S. hard red winter wheat are economic substitutes, there is limited price substitution between U.S. and Canadian durum and U.S. and Canadian hard red spring wheat. Quality differences from the millers' perspective may be the reason driving the import demand for hard red spring and durum wheat from Canada.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by North Dakota State University, Department of Agribusiness and Applied Economics in its series Agribusiness & Applied Economics Report with number 23615.

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Date of creation: 2006
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Handle: RePEc:ags:nddaae:23615

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Keywords: International Relations/Trade;


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Cited by:
  1. Baek, Jungho & Mattson, Jeremy W. & Koo, Won W., 2009. "Analyzing Effects of the U.S. Duties on Canadian Hard Red Spring Wheat," Estey Centre Journal of International Law and Trade Policy, Estey Centre for Law and Economics in International Trade, vol. 10(2).
  2. Richard Pedde & Al Loyns, 2011. "Pulling the Plug on Monopoly Power: Reform for the Canadian Wheat Board," e-briefs 118, C.D. Howe Institute.


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