Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login

Land-Poor In A "Land-Abundant" Setting: Unraveling A Paradox In Mozambique

Contents:

Author Info

  • de Marrule, Higino Francisco
Registered author(s):

    Abstract

    It is important to better understand why in Mozambique, a land abundant country by Sub-Saharan Africa countries standards, there are seemingly many land-poor households. In Mozambique, recent studies show that land plays a key role in generating income for rural households, and those with less land tend to be poor. Thus, the present study was intended to further confirm the existence of land-and income-poor households, to understand the nature and evolution of this group and to clarify the factors that are leading to its creation. Data from 521 rural households across the cotton belt in Northern Mozambique and from the Ministry of Agriculture 1996 National Smallholder Survey were used. Additional data collection consisted of in-depth case studies in selected villages of Nampula and Cabo Delgado Provinces, and field area measurements in these locations. This study has confirmed the existence of a significant group of land- and income-poor households in Northern Mozambique. Results also showed that land inequality throughout the country is similar to that found in Nampula and Cabo Delgado, and this inequality has changed little three years after the ending of the war. Analysis of the relationship between land holdings and household income showed that the observed inequality in land distribution is a problem, in that land holdings are a major determinant of household income. Thus, land poor households face both a serious income shortage and, in all likelihood, a critical food security problem. Results show that understanding the way the customary tenure system and related traditional decision making structures operate within the society is important to better understand why some smallholders are land-poor. Findings indicate that there is an effect on land access of local social hierarchy. In the Macua society specifically, findings suggest that there is an effect of local social hierarchy on land access. The role of the principal Atata was shown to be especially important in the Nampula villages. It was shown that the size of Matala under the control each of principal Atata varies greatly in these villages; that per capita land availability within these Matala also varies greatly; and that households in small Matala are only slightly more likely to possess fields outside their Matala than households in large Matalas. We, therefore, hypothesize that the size of Matala is a key determinant of total land availability at the household level, and suggest focusing further research efforts on this issue.

    Download Info

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
    File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/11089
    Download Restriction: no

    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics in its series Graduate Research Masters Degree Plan B Papers with number 11089.

    as in new window
    Length:
    Date of creation: 1998
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:ags:midagr:11089

    Contact details of provider:
    Postal: Justin S. Morrill Hall of Agriculture, 446 West Circle Dr., Rm 202, East Lansing, MI 48824-1039
    Phone: (517) 355-4563
    Fax: (517) 432-1800
    Email:
    Web page: http://www.aec.msu.edu/agecon/
    More information through EDIRC

    Related research

    Keywords: Land Economics/Use;

    References

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as in new window

    Cited by:
    1. Jayne, Thomas S. & Yamano, Takashi & Weber, Michael T. & Tschirley, David L. & Benfica, Rui M.S. & Neven, David & Chapoto, Antony & Zulu, Ballard, 2002. "Smallholder Income And Land Distribution In Africa: Implications For Poverty Reduction Strategies," 2002 Annual meeting, July 28-31, Long Beach, CA 19692, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    2. Benfica, Rui M.S. & Zandamela, Julieta & Miguel, Arlindo & de Sousa, Natercia, 2005. "The Economics of Smallholder Households in Tobacco and Cotton Growing Areas of the Zambezi Valley of Mozambique," Food Security Collaborative Working Papers 56064, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.

    Lists

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ags:midagr:11089. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (AgEcon Search).

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.