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Arroz Transgénico en Uruguay: un modelo de simulación para estimar los beneficios económicos potenciales


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  • Hareau, Guy Gaston
  • Mills, Bradford F.
  • Norton, George W.


economic surplus, imperfect markets, adoption rate, GMO, monopoly power.

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Paper provided by Instituto Nacional de Investigacion Agropecuaria (INIA) in its series Serie Tecnica with number 121683.

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Date of creation: Dec 2005
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Handle: RePEc:ags:iniast:121683

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Keywords: En pequeños países en desarrollo como Uruguay; los beneficios económicos potenciales que se obtendrían por la adopción de nuevas tecnologías agrícolas basadas en biotecnología están limitados por una base productiva reducida. En este trabajo se evalúa ex - ante el impacto económico de una variedad de arroz transgénico resistente a herbicidas donde el poder de mercado de la multinacional propietaria de la variedad afecta las tasas de adopción a través del margen monopólico en el precio de la semilla. Se emplean métodos de simulación estocástica para estudiar la variación de los resultados a cambios en los parámetros tecnológicos y en las tasas de adopción. La media del excedente económico de los productores es de US$1; 82 millones; mientras que la ganancia monopólica es de US$0; 55 millones. Estos beneficios económicos relativamente escasos sugieren que; sin estrategias de política pública que incrementen los beneficios potenciales y reduzcan los costos de investigación; las multinacionales no invertirían recursos significativos en el desarrollo de una variedad transgénica adaptada a las condiciones locales. Las alianzas con instituciones nacionales y el acceso a mercados regionales ampliados también contribuyen a incrementar los incentivos privados en I&D.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; C14; E17; Q16; Q18; Q55;

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  1. Jikun Huang & Ruifa Hu & Carl Pray & Fangbin Qiao & Scott Rozelle, 2003. "Biotechnology as an alternative to chemical pesticides: a case study of Bt cotton in China," CEMA Working Papers 509, China Economics and Management Academy, Central University of Finance and Economics.
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  10. Mills, Bradford F., 1997. "Ex-ante agricultural research evaluation with site specific technology generation: the case of sorghum in Kenya," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 16(2), pages 125-138, May.
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