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The Transformation of Competitive Advantage in East Asia: An Analysis of Technological and Trade Specialisation

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  • Uchida, Yuichiro
  • Cook, Paul
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    Abstract

    In recent years there has been considerable interest in the relationship between a country's export competitiveness and the role played by technology in strengthening and maintaining competitive advantage. A central feature of recent empirical work, mainly focused on the OECD countries, has rested on examining patterns of export and technological specialisation between economies and sectors. This paper moves attention away from the advanced industrialised economies to examine the trends for trade and technological specialisation among the East Asian developing economies. In particular, two aspects of specialisation are examined. First, to what extent have patterns of competitive advantage changed over time and second, to measure the relationship between patterns of trade and technological specialisation. Important differences are found in the patterns of specialisation, and in the relationship between them among the advanced East Asian economies and those catching up.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by University of Manchester, Institute for Development Policy and Management (IDPM) in its series Centre on Regulation and Competition (CRC) Working papers with number 30636.

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    Date of creation: 2004
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    Handle: RePEc:ags:idpmcr:30636

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    Keywords: Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies;

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    1. Bronwyn H. Hall & Adam B. Jaffe & Manuel Trajtenberg, 2001. "The NBER Patent Citation Data File: Lessons, Insights and Methodological Tools," NBER Working Papers 8498, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    10. Soete, Luc, 1987. "The impact of technological innovation on international trade patterns: The evidence reconsidered," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 16(2-4), pages 101-130, August.
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    12. Dosi, Giovanni, 1988. "Sources, Procedures, and Microeconomic Effects of Innovation," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 26(3), pages 1120-71, September.
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    14. Keld Laursen, 1998. "Do Export and Technological Specialisation Patterns Co-evolve in Terms of Convergence or Divergence? Evidence From 19 OECD Countries, 1971-1991," DRUID Working Papers 98-18, DRUID, Copenhagen Business School, Department of Industrial Economics and Strategy/Aalborg University, Department of Business Studies.
    15. Fagerberg, Jan, 1994. "Technology and International Differences in Growth Rates," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 32(3), pages 1147-75, September.
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