Sufficiency and Sustainability of Agroforestry: What Matters: Today or Tomorrow?
AbstractThis paper1 investigates the determinants and impact of agroforestry for smallholders in rural Tanzania. Two questions are addressed: (1) Do these factors drive farmers to grow trees? (2) To what extent does tree cultivation contribute to income generation of households? The empirical results show households with higher environmental awareness, property rights, and less yield losses cultivate more trees per acre. Also the future evaluation plays an important significant role. Here, suitable measures to increase future expectations and environmental awareness need to be developed to increase tree cultivation. However, the impact assessment shows that only trees up to a certain income level influence income positively. For more prosperous households other income sources such as cash crop production play a more important role; here trees per acre influence the income per capita negatively. This leads to the conclusion that trees may be more important for the poorer households compared to the more prosperous ones.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by International Association of Agricultural Economists in its series 2012 Conference, August 18-24, 2012, Foz do Iguacu, Brazil with number 126666.
Date of creation: Aug 2012
Date of revision:
agroforestry; time preference; quantile regression; Tanzania; Environmental Economics and Policy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-AGR-2012-07-23 (Agricultural Economics)
- NEP-ALL-2012-07-23 (All new papers)
- NEP-ENV-2012-07-23 (Environmental Economics)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Holden, Stein T. & Shiferaw, Bekele & Wik, Mette, 1998. "Poverty, market imperfections and time preferences: of relevance for environmental policy?," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 3(01), pages 105-130, February.
- Scherr, Sara J., 2000. "A downward spiral? Research evidence on the relationship between poverty and natural resource degradation," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 25(4), pages 479-498, August.
- Leslie Lipper & Romina Cavatassi, 2003. "Land Use Change, Carbon Sequestration and Poverty Alleviation," Working Papers 03-13, Agricultural and Development Economics Division of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO - ESA).
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (AgEcon Search).
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.