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Animal Breeding and Productivity Growth of Dairy Farms

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  • Atsbeha, Daniel Muluwork
  • Kristofersson, Dadi
  • Rickertsen, Kyrre

Abstract

Breeding can result in more output per unit of inputs as well as improved quality of outputs. A genetic-based technical change component is introduced into the Malmquist index, and productivity growth due to genetic and nongenetic factors is estimated for Icelandic dairy farms with quality adjusted output. Only about 4 percent of the productivity growth has been genetic-based. More than a third of this growth can be attributed to better milk quality. Adoption of new nongenetic-based technologies explains most of the productivity growth.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by International Association of Agricultural Economists in its series 2012 Conference, August 18-24, 2012, Foz do Iguacu, Brazil with number 126205.

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Date of creation: 25 Jun 2012
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Handle: RePEc:ags:iaae12:126205

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Keywords: breeding; dairy production; Malmquist decomposition; technical change; Livestock Production/Industries; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; D24; O33; Q12; Q16;

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  1. Saito, Yoko & Saito, Hisamitsu & Kondo, Takumi & Osanami, Fumio, 2009. "Quality-oriented technical change in Japanese wheat breeding," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(8), pages 1365-1375, October.
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  5. Bernhard Br�mmer & Thomas Glauben & Geert Thijssen, 2002. "Decomposition of Productivity Growth Using Distance Functions: The Case of Dairy Farms in Three European Countries," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 84(3), pages 628-644.
  6. Loren W. Tauer, 1998. "Productivity of New York Dairy Farms Measured by Nonparametric Malmquist Indices," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 49(2), pages 234-249.
  7. Kerr, William A., 1984. "Selective Breeding, Heritable Characteristics And Genetic-Based Technological Change In The Canadian Beef Cattle Industry," Western Journal of Agricultural Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 9(01), July.
  8. Feder, Gershon & Just, Richard E & Zilberman, David, 1985. "Adoption of Agricultural Innovations in Developing Countries: A Survey," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 33(2), pages 255-98, January.
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  11. Lawton L. Nalley & Andrew P. Barkley & Allen M. Featherstone, 2010. "The genetic and economic impact of the CIMMYT wheat breeding program on local producers in the Yaqui Valley, Sonora Mexico," Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 41(5), pages 453-462, 09.
  12. Giannis Karagiannis & Peter Midmore & Vangelis Tzouvelekas, 2004. "Parametric Decomposition of Output Growth Using A Stochastic Input Distance Function," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 86(4), pages 1044-1057.
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Cited by:
  1. Markus Lampe & Paul Sharp, 2014. "Just Add Milk: A Productivity Analysis of the Revolutionary Changes in Nineteenth Century Danish Dairying," Working Papers in Economic History wp14-03, Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Historia Económica e Instituciones.
  2. Volpe III, Richard & Park, Timothy & Hennessy, David & Jensen, Helen H., 2013. "Somatic Cell Counts in Dairy Marketing: Quantile Regression for Count Data," 2013 Annual Meeting, August 4-6, 2013, Washington, D.C. 151425, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.

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