The Trade and Welfare Effects of State Trading in China
AbstractState trading is a common feature in the management of imports and exports of agricultural products and it has been a long-standing feature of China’s agricultural trade regime. While the use of state trading was modified by China’s accession to the WTO, it remains a dominant feature for some commodities, even although there have been recent attempts to diminish its importance. In this paper, we review the role that the state trading enterprise (STE), COFCO, continues to play in the importing and exporting of some agricultural commodities. We then review the economic theory that has been developed to measure the tariff equivalent of importing state trading enterprises. Finally, we apply that theory through a calibration exercise to measure the tariff equivalent of COFCO in China's import market for wheat. We find that the trade distortions created by COFCO remain important as do the associated welfare effects.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by International Association of Agricultural Economists in its series 2009 Conference, August 16-22, 2009, Beijing, China with number 51203.
Date of creation: 2009
Date of revision:
Trade Policy; State Trading Enterprises; China; Industrial Organization; International Relations/Trade;
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- McCorriston, Steve & MacLaren, Donald, 2005. "The trade distorting effect of state trading enterprises in importing countries," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 49(7), pages 1693-1715, October.
- Yoon, Jung-hyun & Lim, Song Soo, 2013. "Potential trade distortion effects of state trading enterprises under the tariff-rate quota scheme," Economics - The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal, Kiel Institute for the World Economy, vol. 7(31), pages 1-19.
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