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Human Capital And Labor Flows Out Of The Agricultural Sector: Evidence From Slovenia

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Author Info

  • Bojnec, Stefan
  • Dries, Liesbeth
  • Swinnen, Johan F.M.

Abstract

This paper analyses of determinants of agricultural labor flows and the role of human capital in this process on the basis of the Slovenian Labor Force Surveys for the years 1993 to 1999. The household heads living in larger households, having a larger farm size, and working full-time (more hours per week) in permanent jobs are more likely to stay in agricultural employment. The empirical evidence clearly suggests that human capital plays a crucial role for labor mobility and labor adjustment. Young, female and educated individuals are more likely to enter into employment in non-agricultural, particularly service activities. There are remarkable circular flows of elderly and less educated persons between being employed in agriculture, unemployment and retirement pools. Small-scale and part-time farming provide temporary employment opportunities. Investments in human capital to improve quality of labor in agriculture and to increase mobility and flexibility of labor are the key issues in synergy reducing labor mismatch and improving efficiency in labor flow adjustment.

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File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25803
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by International Association of Agricultural Economists in its series 2003 Annual Meeting, August 16-22, 2003, Durban, South Africa with number 25803.

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Date of creation: 2003
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Handle: RePEc:ags:iaae03:25803

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Web page: http://www.iaae-agecon.org/
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Related research

Keywords: Slovenia; Human capital; Labor adjustment; Labor and Human Capital;

References

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  1. Dries, Liesbeth & Swinnen, Johan F. M., 2002. "Institutional Reform and Labor Reallocation During Transition: Theory Evidence From Polish Agriculture," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 30(3), pages 457-474, March.
  2. Johan F. M. Swinnen & Liesbeth Dries & Karen Macours, 2005. "Transition and agricultural labor," Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 32(1), pages 15-34, 01.
  3. Seeth, Harm Tho & Chachnov, Sergei & Surinov, Alexander & Von Braun, Joachim, 1998. "Russian poverty: Muddling through economic transition with garden plots," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 26(9), pages 1611-1624, September.
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Cited by:
  1. Tocco, Barbara & Davidova, Sophia & Bailey, Alastair Creation-Date: 2012-02, . "Key Issues in Agricultural Labour Markets: A Review of Major Studies and Project Reports on Agriculture and Rural Labour Markets," Factor Markets Working Papers 126, Centre for European Policy Studies.
  2. Tocco, Barbara & Bailey, Alastair & Davidova, Sophia, 2013. "Determinants To Leave Agriculture And Change Occupational Sector: Evidence From An Enlarged Eu," Proceedings Issues, 2013: Productivity and Its Impacts on Global Trade, June 2-4, 2013. Seville, Spain 152325, International Agricultural Trade Research Consortium.
  3. Baum, Sabine & Cook, Peter & Stange, Henriette & Weingarten, Peter, 2006. "Agricultural Employment Trends in an Enlarged European Union: Does the CAP Reform/Introduction Matter?," 2006 Annual Meeting, August 12-18, 2006, Queensland, Australia 25395, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
  4. Tocco, Barbara & Davidova, Sophia & Bailey, Alastair Creation-Date: 2012-02, . "Commonalities and Differences in Labour Market Developments and Constraints in Different EU Regions," Factor Markets Working Papers 125, Centre for European Policy Studies.

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