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Reducing GHG Emissions by Abandoning Agricultural Land use on Organic Soils - A Cost Assessment

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  • Roeder, Norbert
  • Osterburg, Bernhard
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    Abstract

    Roughly 6.5% of the German utilized agricultural area is located on organic soils (fens and bogs). Nevertheless, the drainage of these areas in order to allow their agricultural utilization causes roughly a third of the greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) of the German agricultural sector, being equivalent to 4% of the total German GHG emissions. Obviously, German policies trying to reduce the GHG emissions successfully must tackle this issue. The abandonment of the cultivation of organic soils would be an effective policy to reduce the GHG emissions however the question remains whether it is an efficient measure compared with the other options? In the paper we assess the mitigation costs on the basis of the standard gross margin and tenure of the agriculturally used peatlands and with the results obtained from sector model RAUMIS. Without engineering and transaction costs the mitigation costs are in the magnitude of 10 to 45 € per to of CO2eq. This makes rewetting of peatlands at least in the medium and long run a fairly efficient options for reducing GHG emissions, especially as the implications on the sector due to reallocation affects are fairly small.

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    File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/115983
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by European Association of Agricultural Economists in its series 2011 International Congress, August 30-September 2, 2011, Zurich, Switzerland with number 115983.

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    Date of creation: 02 Sep 2011
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    Handle: RePEc:ags:eaae11:115983

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    Keywords: GHG-Mitigation; Landuse; peatland; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use;

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    1. Roder, Norbert & Osterburg, Bernhard, 2010. "Reducing Ghg Emissions By Abandoning Agricultural Land Use On Organic Soils," Proceedings Issues, 2010: Climate Change in World Agriculture: Mitigation, Adaptation, Trade and Food Security, June 2010, Stuttgart- Hohenheim, Germany 91270, International Agricultural Trade Research Consortium.
    2. Vermont, Bruno & De Cara, Stéphane, 2010. "How costly is mitigation of non-CO2 greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture?: A meta-analysis," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(7), pages 1373-1386, May.
    3. Schaller, Lena & Kantelhardt, Jochen, 2009. "Prospects for climate friendly peatland management – Results of a socioeconomic case study in Germany," 83rd Annual Conference, March 30-April 1, 2009, Dublin, Ireland 51074, Agricultural Economics Society.
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