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Government responses to the world food crisis 2007-08: A political economy perspective

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  • Maas, Sarah
  • Matthews, Alan

Abstract

This paper examines the performance of African agri-food exports to the EU market over the first decade of the new millennium. The EU is Africa’s single largest export market absorbing just half of all African agri-food exports. Countries are grouped according to the preferential trade regime they enjoy to enter the EU market: North African countries under EuroMed agreements; least developed African countries under the Everything but Arms arrangement; other African countries under the Cotonou Agreement; and South Africa under its Trade, Development and Cooperation Agreement. Despite these preferences, Africa appears to be losing market share. A shift-share analysis confirms that, with the exception of the African Mediterranean countries, the competitiveness of African exporters deteriorated over this decade. Examination of the potential impact of duty-free access for non-LDC African exporters under the interim Economic Partnership Agreements after 2008 shows that this is not likely to reverse this trend. Despite evidence that preferences for agri-food products work, improving Africa’s export performance will require investment by African countries themselves in overcoming the supply-side obstacles to increasing agri-food exports.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by European Association of Agricultural Economists in its series 2011 International Congress, August 30-September 2, 2011, Zurich, Switzerland with number 114664.

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Date of creation: 02 Sep 2011
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Handle: RePEc:ags:eaae11:114664

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Related research

Keywords: Africa; EU; agricultural exports; market access; preference agreements; Food Security and Poverty; F14; Q17;

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