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The Compliance Decision with Food Quality Standards on Primary Producer Level; A Case Study of the EUREPGAP Standard in the Moroccan Tomato Sector

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  • Chemnitz, Christine
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    Abstract

    Within a trading system which is increasingly determined by food quality standards the concern exists that small producers possibilities for participation on international trade diminish. However, most concerns base on theoretical considerations and little empirical evidence exists. This paper empirically analyzes the compliance decision of Moroccan tomato producers with the EUREPGAP standard based on results of 63 interviews. By comparing the decision process of certified and non certified producers the most important drivers for certification are identified. Theoretically the analysis bases on the decision model of Rogers (2003) which was developed to analyze the decision process to adopt technical innovations. Results of the survey open up interesting opportunities for interpretation. 1) No results are found that small producers were particularly disadvantaged in the compliance process. 2) Less-organized or less integrated farmers tend to be disfavored since especially forward integration in form of being a member in a cooperative changes the cost of compliance. 3) Forward integration tens to be of particular importance not only because of decreasing cost of compliance but as well because of a direct access to information on the buyers requirements. The survey explores that using the term small as a synonym for less organized, less educated and technically less advanced production tends to be false when looking at small producers in the export value chain. These producers are small in relative terms and often larger in size as well as in capital and human capital than small producers producing for the domestic market.

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    File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9440
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by European Association of Agricultural Economists in its series 103rd Seminar, April 23-25, 2007, Barcelona, Spain with number 9440.

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    Date of creation: 2007
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    Handle: RePEc:ags:eaa103:9440

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    Keywords: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety;

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    Cited by:
    1. Schuster, Monica & Maertens, Miet, 2013. "Do private standards create exclusive supply chains? New evidence from the Peruvian asparagus export sector," Working Papers 146557, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Centre for Agricultural and Food Economics.
    2. Chemnitz, Christine & Grethe, Harald & Kleinwechter, Ulrich, 2007. "Quality Standards for Food Products - A Particular Burden for Small Producers in Developing Countries?," Working Paper Series 10010, Humboldt University Berlin, Department Agricultural Economics.
    3. Schuster, Monica & Maertens, Miet, 2013. "Do private standards create exclusive supply chains? New evidence from the Peruvian asparagus export sector," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 291-305.
    4. Kersting, Sarah & Wollni, Meike, 2012. "New institutional arrangements and standard adoption: Evidence from small-scale fruit and vegetable farmers in Thailand," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(4), pages 452-462.
    5. Handschuch, Christina & Wollni, Meike & Villalobos, Pablo, 2013. "Adoption of food safety and quality standards among Chilean raspberry producers – Do smallholders benefit?," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 64-73.

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