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Poor Countries Or Poor People? Development Assistance And The New Geography Of Global Poverty

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  • Kanbur, Ravi
  • Sumner, Andy

Abstract

Two decades ago, 93% of the world’s poor lived in countries officially classified as Low Income (LICs). Now, 72% of the world’s poor live in Middle Income Countries (MICs). The dramatic shift has been brought about by fast growth in a number of countries with large populations. On present trends, the poor in the MICs are likely to make up a substantial proportion of global poor for many years to come. This “new geography of global poverty”—with the mass of the poor living in stable, non-poor countries--raises important questions for the current model of development assistance, where national per capita income is a key determinant of the volume and composition of aid flows. What precisely is the nature of global moral obligation towards the poor in non-poor countries? Should aid allocation be targeted equally to the poor in poor and non-poor countries, or should special weight be given to the poor in poor countries? How, if at all, should international agencies with a focus on poverty reduction re-calibrate their engagement in MICs? The objective of this paper is to begin addressing these questions to spark greater debate on the new geography of global poverty.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Cornell University, Department of Applied Economics and Management in its series Working Papers with number 126539.

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Date of creation: 2011
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Handle: RePEc:ags:cudawp:126539

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Keywords: Consumer/Household Economics; International Development;

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Cited by:
  1. Ghani, Ejaz & Iyer, Lakshmi & Mishra, Saurabh, 2013. "Promoting Shared Prosperity in South Asia," World Bank - Economic Premise, The World Bank, issue 110, pages 1-8, March.
  2. Sabina Alkire, Jose Manuel Roche and Andy Sumner, 2013. "Where do the World's Multidimensionally Poor People Live?," OPHI Working Papers ophiwp061, Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford.
  3. Sumner, Andy, 2012. "Where Do The Poor Live?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 40(5), pages 865-877.
  4. Ejaz Ghani, 2011. "The South Asian Development Paradox : Can Social Outcomes Keep Pace with Growth?," World Bank Other Operational Studies 10105, The World Bank.
  5. Ugo Gentilini & Andy Sumner, 2012. "Poverty Where People Live: What do National Poverty Lines Tell us about Global Poverty?," Working Papers 98, International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth.
  6. Facundo Alvaredo & Leonardo Gasparini, 2013. "Recent Trends in Inequality and Poverty in Developing Countries," CEDLAS, Working Papers 0151, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.

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