Prospects for climate friendly peatland management – Results of a socioeconomic case study in Germany
AbstractIn the current debate on climate protection, agricultural production has become a focal point of interest. This study introduces the climate effectiveness of agricultural management of peat-soils. Agriculture on peatland demands a water-level drawdown that causes aerobe degradation of the soils. The resulting trace-gas emissions have a negative impact on the greenhouse-gas balance. In Germany more than 80% of peatland is used agriculturally; the resulting emissions account for 2.3 – 4.5% of Germany’s overall emission. Climate-friendly peatland management strategies, however, demand enhanced groundwater tables and decreased land-use intensity. With regard to agricultural income, severe economic consequences are to be expected. Against this background we analyse opportunities to reorganise agricultural use of peatland. As it is assumed that the potential to reduce land-use intensity greatly depends on local socio-economic conditions which are likely to vary across different regions, six representative sample regions are surveyed. To analyse microeconomic effects with simultaneous consideration of local diversity, stakeholder workshops and extensive farm surveys were undertaken in all regions. First results indicate that a reorganisation of peatland use causes severe loss of agricultural income and necessitates financial compensation for farmers. However the results also show that the potential of rearrangement varies significantly according to regional conditions.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Agricultural Economics Society in its series 83rd Annual Conference, March 30-April 1, 2009, Dublin, Ireland with number 51074.
Date of creation: 01 Apr 2009
Date of revision:
agricultural peatland use; reduction of greenhouse gases; farm survey; economic consequences; Land Economics/Use; Q24; Q54; R58;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- Q24 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Land
- Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters
- R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2009-08-16 (All new papers)
- NEP-ENE-2009-08-16 (Energy Economics)
- NEP-ENV-2009-08-16 (Environmental Economics)
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- Roeder, Norbert & Osterburg, Bernhard, 2011. "Reducing GHG Emissions by Abandoning Agricultural Land use on Organic Soils - A Cost Assessment," 2011 International Congress, August 30-September 2, 2011, Zurich, Switzerland 115983, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
- Schaller, Lena & Kantelhardt, Jochen & Droesler, Matthias & Hoper, Heinrich, 2011. "Agricultural Costs of Carbon Dioxide Abatement via Land-use Adaptation on organic soils," 2011 International Congress, August 30-September 2, 2011, Zurich, Switzerland 120393, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
- Roder, Norbert & Osterburg, Bernhard, 2010. "Reducing Ghg Emissions By Abandoning Agricultural Land Use On Organic Soils," Proceedings Issues, 2010: Climate Change in World Agriculture: Mitigation, Adaptation, Trade and Food Security, June 2010, Stuttgart- Hohenheim, Germany 91270, International Agricultural Trade Research Consortium.
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