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The Effect of Export Tax on Indonesia’s Cocoa Export Competitiveness

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  • Rifin, Amzul
  • Nauly, Dahlia

Abstract

The government of Indonesia implemented an export tax policy on cocoa beans since April 2010 in order to develop cocoa processing industry. The objective of this article is to analyze the effect of export tax on Indonesia’s cocoa export competitiveness. The results indicate that with the implementation of export tax, cocoa export product composition shift from cocoa beans to processed cocoa products. On the other hand, Indonesia’s cocoa export growth is lower than the growth of cocoa world demand which is mainly caused by the decrease of competitiveness. Comparing the three cocoa beans producer, Ghana has gain competitiveness in 2011 compare to 2009.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society in its series 2013 Conference (57th), February 5-8, 2013, Sydney, Australia with number 152175.

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Date of creation: Feb 2013
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Handle: RePEc:ags:aare13:152175

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Keywords: cocoa; export tax; competitiveness; Crop Production/Industries; Demand and Price Analysis; International Relations/Trade; Production Economics;

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  1. Mohamad F. Hasan & Michael R. Reed & Mary A. Marchant, 2001. "Effects of an Export Tax on Competitiveness: The Case of the Indonesian Palm Oil Industry," Journal of Economic Development, Chung-Ang Unviersity, Department of Economics, vol. 26(2), pages 77-90, December.
  2. Burger, Kees, 2008. "Optimal export taxes – the case of cocoa in Cote d'Ivoire," 107th Seminar, January 30-February 1, 2008, Sevilla, Spain 6395, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
  3. Richardson, J David, 1971. "Some Sensitivity Tests for a 'Constant-Market-Shares' Analysis of Export Growth," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 53(3), pages 300-04, August.
  4. Peter Warr, 2002. "Export taxes and income distribution: The Philippines coconut levy," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 138(3), pages 437-458, September.
  5. Yilmaz, Kamil, 1999. "Optimal export taxes in a multicountry framework," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(2), pages 439-465, December.
  6. Permani, Risti & Vanzetti, David & Setyoko, Nur Rakhman, 2011. "Optimum Level and Welfare Effects of Export Taxes for Cocoa Beans in Indonesia: A Partial Equilibrium Approach," 2011 Conference (55th), February 8-11, 2011, Melbourne, Australia 100695, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.
  7. Takamasa Akiyama, 1992. "Is there a case for an optimal export tax on perennial crops?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 854, The World Bank.
  8. Stephen Marks & Donald Larson & Jacqueline Pomeroy, 1998. "Economic Effects of Taxes on Exports of Palm Oil Products," Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(3), pages 37-58.
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